Category Archives: Southern Mongolia

RFA: UN Calls For Probe Into Activist’s Death As Beijing Rejects Rights Report

Experts at the United Nations have called on Beijing to launch an independent investigation into the death of a Chinese human rights activist in a police detention center five years ago, as Beijing faces growing pressure over international criticism of its rights record.

“Cao Shunli’s case is emblematic of the struggle that many human rights defenders in China face,” the experts said in a statement on Thursday.

They said Cao, who was detained as she set out for Switzerland to take part in a U.N. Human Rights Council review in September 2013, had “paid the ultimate price” for her activism.

Cao died aged 52 on March 14, 2014, after being denied medical treatment for months while in detention, according to her brother and fellow activists who blasted the government for using medical care as leverage to silence critics.

Her lawyers had made repeated requests for her release to allow her to receive medical treatment, but no action was taken until she was seriously ill. She suffered from tuberculosis in both her lungs, cirrhosis of the liver, and uterine fibroids.

“Today, on the fifth anniversary of her death, we renew our call for an independent, impartial, and comprehensive investigation into her death, with a view to bringing those responsible to justice,” the U.N. experts said.

Rights groups and the U.S. State Department have pointed to the growing use by the ruling Chinese Communist Party of enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions, and medical neglect of detainees in custody.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Wednesday that China “is in a league of its own” when it comes to human rights abuses, citing mass detentions of an estimated 1 million Muslims and the repression of Christians, Tibetans, and other religious minorities.


RFA: Chinese Officials Probe Mongolian-Language High School After Flag Outrage

Chinese authorities in the northern region of Inner Mongolia are investigating a high school in the region after it hung up the flag and national symbols of Mongolia, an independent, democratic country sharing much of the Chinese region’s culture.

Authorities are investigating the Ulaanhad Mongolian No. 1 High School in Ulaanhad city, known in Chinese as Chifeng, a New York-based rights group reported.

The school, which offered a Mongolian-language education, had had the Mongolian flag and emblem on display in its classrooms, according to social media reports.

It is now being investigated for “separatism,” amid calls on social media for its teachers to be jailed, the Southern Mongolia Human Rights and Information Center (SMHRIC) said in a statement.

It cited media reports as saying that the Ulaanhad city government’s propaganda department is carrying out an investigation.

Photos illustrating official media reports showed students in traditional Mongolian dress dancing in their classroom with a Mongolian national flag on the wall in the background.

The students also enjoyed traditional Mongolian food and took group pictures in their classroom which was decorated with a large national emblem of the independent country of Mongolia, a map of the Mongol Empire, and paintings of the Mongol Khan emperors, SMHRIC said.

“Any thought or act that runs counter to China’s national sense of common destiny is … doomed to failure,” the article said.

“Although it is said there are 56 nationalities in China, in fact there is only one nationality, which is the Chinese nationality,” one comment on the news site read.


RFA: Rights Groups Urge Global Pressure on China Over Abuse of Uyghurs on Anniversary of UN Rights Declaration

Rights groups called on the international community to “stand up to the Chinese government” over rights violations against Uyghurs, Tibetans and other ethnic minorities Monday in a joint statement marking the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

The 21 groups—including Munich-based World Uyghur Congress and U.S.-based International Tibet Network—called China a United Nations member state that “stands out as a significant exception against the advancement of human rights,” highlighting its policies over the past year in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), where Uyghurs have long complained of pervasive discrimination, religious repression, and cultural suppression under Chinese rule.

Beginning in April 2017, Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslim minorities accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” ideas have been jailed or detained in re-education camps throughout the XUAR, and some 1.1 million people are believed to have been held in the network—equating to 10 to 11 percent of the adult Muslim population of the region.

The groups said Monday that China’s escalation against the Uyghur people in the last year under Communist Party Secretary Chen Quanguo “surely qualifies as one of the most audacious and outrageous assaults against a people, anywhere in the world” since the UDHR was enacted by the U.N. on Dec. 10, 1948 and established, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected.

They also highlighted China’s rights abuses in Tibet, which they referred to as “China’s laboratory for repression … where the Chinese authorities have tested, and sought to perfect, systems of mass surveillance and abject control” over the course of decades, and particularly under Chen, who ran Tibet from 2011 up until his appointment to oversee the XUAR in 2016.

Ethnic Mongolians in China’s Inner Mongolia are also subject to “tightening political control,” the groups said, where Beijing’s policies are “threatening the total eradication of the Mongolian traditional nomadic civilization,” and where thousands of herders seeking to defend their way of life and rights to land and natural resources have been detained without due legal process.

Even lawyers and activists from China’s majority Han Chinese population have endured politically motivated prosecutions, while freedoms in Hong Kong have “taken a sharp downward turn” as China influences harsher sentences on dissidents and disqualifies pro-democracy lawmakers from the legislature, they noted.

But the groups said that as China attempts to repress these people, the more their resistance grows, and called for the international community to “follow their example and stand up to the Chinese government.”

“Like-minded world governments need to get together and formally engage in joint initiatives to defend … human rights, democracy and free speech and stand up to Beijing as one,” the groups said.

SMHRIC: Need to end China’s long game on Human Rights: Geneva Human Rights Forum

Geneva: Four days ahead of China’s third Universal Periodic Review (UPR), a day-long forum titled “Forum on Human Rights Situation in Regions under the PRC,” jointly organized by Department of Information and International Relations (DIIR), CTA and Office of Tibet, Geneva took place in Geneva.

The Forum brought together a select group of human rights experts, academicians, diplomats, practitioners, advocates and activists at Centre International de Conférences Genève.

The UPR is a UN Human Rights Council mechanism to enable States to make comprehensive evaluations of the human rights situation in all UN States. The UPR is an important tool for civil society organizations and governments to use in engaging with China on current human rights situations. China’s third UPR is scheduled to take place on November 6.


RFA: Missing NGO Documents at China U.N. Human Rights Review Raise Eyebrows

Human rights experts at the United Nations began examining the ruling Chinese Communist Party’s rights record on Tuesday, amid protests over “disappeared” submissions from civic groups that the U.N. body later restored with an apology.

The 31st session of the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in Geneva began its assessment of China’s human rights record amid a global outcry over the mass incarceration of an estimated one million Uyghurs and other minority ethnic Muslims in “re-education camps” in its Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

But a consortium of rights organizations led by the New York-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) said valuable information from non-government sources–including Uyghur groups –had been taken off the table ahead of the review.

“We are … dismayed by the fact that at least seven submissions were completely removed from consideration from the final document intended for U.N. member states to draft recommendations for China’s review,” HRW said in a statement.

The statement detailed “missing” contributions from the International Service for Human Rights, Hong Kong political party Demosisto, the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC), the World Uyghur Congress and the Uyghur Human Rights Project.


RFA: China Under Fire at U.N. Rights Review For Uyghur Re-Education Camps

France, Germany, the United States and other Western countries called on China on Tuesday to close down political re-education camps that Uyghur activists and human rights experts say hold one million Uyghurs and other Muslims.

The United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) began its assessment of China’s human rights record amid a global outcry over the mass incarceration of an estimated one million Uyghurs and other minority ethnic Muslims in “re-education camps” in China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

While as many as 1,000 Uyghur and Tibetan protesters and supporters gathered outside the Geneva forum, which reports on alleged violations in each U.N. member state every five years, 13 countries raised concern about the camp program, with many calling on Beijing to shutter the facilities.

“We are alarmed by the government of China’s worsening crackdown on Uyghurs, Kazakhs, and other Muslims in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region,” U.S. charge d’affaires Mark Cassayre was quoted by Reuters news agency as saying.

The United States urged China to “abolish all forms of arbitrary detention, including internment camps in Xinjiang, and immediately release the hundreds of thousands, possibly millions, of individuals detained in these camps,” he said.


Report Chinese Government Intimidation and Influence Operations on US Soil

Please sign, share and tell your friends about this petition

As noted in recent media accounts, the government of the People’s Republic of China has engaged in the intimidation of US citizens and conducted influence operations on US soil with almost complete impunity. We request the FBI to immediately establish an anonymous tip line and/or website to counter brazen Chinese government threats and influence operations on US soil. Furthermore, we request the FBI publish clear guidelines for actionable tips.

RFA: China Increasing Domestic Repression and Exporting Authoritarianism–US Report

China’s human rights situation is on a “continued downward trajectory, by virtually every measure” under President Xi Jinping and Beijing is using its growing power to spread authoritarian practices outside its borders, a U.S. congressional advisory panel said on Wednesday.

The Congressional-Executive Commission on China (CECC) annual report catalogs perennial human rights concerns, including political prisoners, jailing of journalists, repression of religion, and internet censorship.

The 2018 edition places special focus on the incarceration of Uyghurs and other Muslims in Xinjiang, growing Communist Party control over society and business, and the use of technology as a tool of repression.

“China’s authoritarianism at home directly threatens our freedoms as well as our most deeply held values and national interests,” said a statement by Senator Marco Rubio, CECC chairman, and Representative Chris Smith, cochairman of the CECC, opening the 244-page report.

“Additionally, the ‘long arm’ of the Chinese Communist Party extends beyond China’s borders and is increasingly pervasive and multifaceted,” the lawmakers wrote, warning that under Xi’s assertive rule Chinese practices are being exported around the world.

“We see an ascendant and increasingly aggressive China, seeking to take center stage in the world, and in so doing, determined to shape new global norms on development, trade, the internet, and even human rights. All the while, the fundamental authoritarian character of China’s political system remains the same,” they wrote.


Congressional-Executive Commission on China 2018 Annual Report – Southern Mongolia
Congressional-Executive Commission on China 2018 Annual Report – East Turkestan (Xinjiang)
Congressional-Executive Commission on China 2018 Annual Report – Tibet

Congressional-Executive Commission on China 2018 Annual Report – Southern Mongolia

Link to full Annual Report here.

Mention of Southern Mongolia
Grassland Protests in Inner Mongolia
During this reporting year, Mongol herders in the IMAR demonstrated and petitioned authorities over the government’s role in the loss of their traditional grazing lands, the harmful ecological effect of state development on grassland and livestock,22
and the government’s failure to provide herders with adequate compensation for their land.23
As in past reporting years,24 authorities detained some of the Mongol herders who peacefully protested.25
Representative examples of protests by Mongol herders included the following:
Beginning on December 24, 2017, in Ongniud (Wengniute) Banner, Chifeng municipality, IMAR, around 200 herders protested against Ongniud Banner authorities over the state-owned COFCO pig farm’s pollution of their grazing lands and the continued detention of two fellow herders beginning seven months earlier.26 Security personnel reportedly beat some of the herders and detained eight of the herders overnight.27 On December 25, more than 200 herders in Damao Banner, Baotou municipality, IMAR, also protested against COFCO’s pollution of their grazing lands, and asked for compensation from officials for the loss of grazing lands and the demolition of their homes.28

In February 2018, before and after the lunar New Year holiday, Bao Yu, a herder from Urad (Wulate) Middle Banner, Bayannur (Bayannao’er) municipality, IMAR, traveled to Hohhot municipality, IMAR, the regional capital, to protest against the air and water pollution in her village caused by a
gold mining company.29 Bao said local residents had repeatedly called upon government officials to take action over the pollution, but officials had not acted.30
On December 27, 2017, the Zaruud (Zalute) Banner People’s Court in Zaruud Banner, Tongliao municipality, IMAR, reportedly sentenced 35 Mongol herders to prison terms on charges of ‘‘picking quarrels and provoking trouble’’ and ‘‘assembling crowds to attack state agencies,’’ in what local herders described as an unjust trial.31
Nine of the herders received sentences of between one and five years in prison.32
The court sentenced the other 26 to six months in prison, releasing them for time served while in detention.33 Authorities alleged that the defendants took part in events in May 2017, including blocking traffic during a protest and staging an illegal demonstration in front of a police dispatch station.34 In a written statement they sent to a U.S.-based rights organization, local herders reportedly said they had protested against a construction company belonging to a Han Chinese family that had ‘‘illegally occupied’’ their grazing lands.35 Relatives of the nine imprisoned herders reportedly said authorities had not permitted them to visit the herders, whose whereabouts were unknown. 36

Book Review: Genocide on the Mongolian Steppe

Genocide on the Mongolian Steppe:
First hand Accounts of Genocide in Southern Mongolia During the Chinese Cultural Revolution
Volume 1

Originally published in Japanese, Eghebatu Togochog, Director of the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center, translated it into English. In doing so, Enghebatu provides a invaluable resource to understand how Southern (Inner) Mongolia was separated from their northern half and despite the name, no longer has a Mongolian majority.

Before the collapse of the Manchurian Qing dynasty, Mongols enjoyed happy, prosperous lives where the Chinese were forbidden to settle and farm their land. Today, they are treated poorly, take the case of Mr. Mergen. In 2011, while trying to prevent coal trucks from taking a shortcut through his grazing lands, one of the drivers knocked him and his horse down and dragged him for 200 yards before stopping. To add insult to injury and death, he justified his actions with ethnic slurs. Mergen is just one example among millions of Mongols treated as second class citizens in their ancestral homeland.

In Genocide on the Mongolian Steppe, the author, History professor Yang Haiying describes the transition of Southern Mongolia from equals to the Manchu rulers, through the influx of Chinese settlers, Japanese occupation, Chinese Communist Party domination and the depravity of the Cultural Revolution. We are gifted the opportunity to read about it from those who experienced the results of the insidious campaign against them.

This book should be required reading. If you believe in the march to socialism you’ll see how sincere, believing Party members were victimized, abused and even murdered despite being committed members of the cause. On the other hand, if you like liberty and freedom, the book outlines the conniving and underhanded techniques used; some of which you may recognize today.

This book is an indictment of the Chinese Communist Party for Crimes Against Humanity for the treatment of the Southern Mongolians.

The old adage, “Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely” is an appropriate description of the perpetrator of the Cultural Revolution, Chairman Mao, with the blood of tens of millions on his hands. Today, there is a new leader for life and the potential for the extermination of whole peoples.

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