Category Archives: Southern Mongolia

SMHRIC: Herders protest government land grab, nearly 200 arrested
Videos at website

On the morning of June 1, 2020, more than 400 Mongolian herders from Bayan-uul Sum (a sum is an administrative unit equivalent to township) of Southern (Inner) Mongolia’s Bairin Left Banner ( a banner is an administrative unit equivalent to county) marched toward the banner capital Lindong City in protest of the local government’s land grab in the name of nature conservancy. Nearly 200 were arrested on their way to the banner government by local police and SWAT teams. Many were pepper sprayed and beaten before being detained.

Bayan-uul Sum, located on the northern edge of Bairin Left Banner, has a piece of relatively well-preserved natural grassland where local Mongolian herders have struggled to maintain their traditional pastoralist way of life.

“This February, the banner government notified us that a national nature conservancy will be established on our grazing land,” a local herder named Geeligbuyan told the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center. “Herders from all 13 Gachaa of Bayan-uul Sum sent representatives twice to the regional capital Hohhot to express our protest.”

“We learned that the Autonomous Region Party Secretary Shi Taifeng is on an inspection tour to the banner capital today. More than 400 herders from all of our pastoralist communities across Bayan-uul Sum organized ourselves to show our protest to the local government and raise our concern to the regional party secretary,” Geeligbuyan said in an audio statement to the SMHRIC.

Video footage shows that protesters were stopped en route to the banner capital and taken away by police and security personnel.

“Look, this is how we are treated by police. Many of us innocent herders are pepper sprayed on our way to Lindong,” a protester said in a video clip showing a woman who was apparently suffering the effects of pepper spray.

Other footage shows that some herders were forcibly carried away and thrown into police vehicles before being taken to the local police station and the Bureau of Letters and Visits.

“We are locked up in here in the Bureau of Letters and Visits,” a protester said, showing dozens of others in a short video clip.

“Still hundreds of others were able to manage to get to Lindong and gathered before the banner government yesterday. I was one of them,” Geeligbuyan told the SMHRIC. “Today is June 2, the second day of our protest. At least 400-500 herders are on their way to protest.”

“Release the detained herders! Stop the arrests!” herders shouted in front of the government building in another clip.

“The Bairin Left Banner Government is lying to us. The so-called ‘national nature conservancy’ is just a pretext for grabbing our land, our ancestral land where we have lived for generations,” Geelingbuyan continued. “Land is our lifeline. Land is our last stronghold. We will fight to the end to defend our land.”

SMHRIC: Two Mongolian activists sentenced to jail for defending herder’s rights

Jun 9, 2020
New York

On June 5, 2020, the People’s Court of Heshigten Banner of Southern (Inner) Mongolia tried two Mongolian activists, Mr. Tsogjil and Mr. Haschuluu, who organized local Mongolian herders to protest the government’s illegal appropriation of their grazing land. Jail sentences of eight months and four months were handed down to Tsogjil and Haschuluu respectively for “rallying the public to petition the government, obstructing official business, videotaping and posting untrue stories, and transferring edited video footage to foreign organizations.”

Tsogjil sentenced to eight months in jail for “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” (SMHRIC – 2020-06-09)

“Defendant Tsogjil, male, born on March 4, 1979” and “defendant Haschuluu, male, born on October 23, 1978” were sentenced for “picking quarrels and provoking trouble,” according to the criminal verdict issued by the Heshigten Banner People’s Court.

“Criminal tools used: one long banner and one cellular phone that were already confiscated,” the verdict added.

“They are totally innocent,” Mr. O. Sechenbaatar, who himself was released from a year of house arrest recently after being detained for two weeks for supporting the protest in the neighboring Ongniuud Banner, said in an audio statement. “What they did was nothing but to legally file complaints about the local government’s illegal land grab and stage protests to urge the local Public Security Bureau to release detained herders and activists including myself.”

Under the Chinese authorities’ “bail pending trial” for over a year, the two activists were deprived of their basic rights to mobility and communication after being released from their initial detention last year.

“The trial was carried out pretty much behind a closed door,” O. Sechenbaatar told the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center. “The crimes they were accused of committing were rallying people to demand the release of detained herders; inviting Ms. Yanjindulam (also knowns as Naranhuaar), a herder’s leader, to join the protest; posting protest video footage on WeChat and sending information to foreign hostile forces.”

Tsogjil, a native of Heshigten Banner, had actively been advocating Southern Mongolians’ rights to use their native language; access their land, water, and other resources; and maintain national identity. He founded and managed at least five discussion groups with a total membership of nearly 2,500 Mongolian herders and grassroots activists on China’s only available social media outlet WeChat.

Before his arrest in April 2019, Tsogjil rallied the Mongolian herders for the release of the detained writer O. Sechenbaatar in one of his WeChat discussion groups called “Language, Livestock, and National Boundary.” “I ask our fellow herders from each and every village to gather in front of the banner government tomorrow to demand the immediate release of O. Sechenbaatar,” he wrote.

“O. Sechenbaatar went to jail for defending our land and rights. We all must wake up and take up the fight to protect our homeland,” Tsogjil said in the discussion group. “The authorities can arrest one of us, a few of us, but cannot arrest all of us.”

Haschuluu sentenced to four months in jail for “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” (SMHRIC – 2020-06-09)

“Haschuluu was accused of committing similar crimes, including his involvement in last year’s public protest in front of the banner government and demanding my release,” O. Sechenbaatar said.

“What is truly revealing is the family members of the two were told by the court that the decision was handed down from the above. This means the government is above the law, and the law is a tool for the government officials to punish those who protest the government’s abuse of power,” O. Sechenbaatar added.

According to online discussions posted by local herders from Heshigten Banner, Haschuluu lived with his 80-year-old mother who is left without anyone’s care after his trial despite her poor health.


SMHRIC statement at “China’s Threat to Global Democracy and Human Rights” conference

The following is a speech of Enghebatu Togochog, Director of SMHRIC, made at the “China’s Threat to Global Democracy and Human Rights” conference held at Hunter College in New York:

Sain baitsagaanuu? Dashi Delek!

Happy Losar to my Tibetan brothers and sisters!

First of all, I would like to thank my dear brother Ngawang Tharchin and his team for giving us this opportunity to become a co-organizer of this event. My name is Enghebatu Togochog.

I am a Mongolian from Southern Mongolia which is another nation occupied and colonized by China, like Tibet and East Turkistan.

As you all know, in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party took control over China proper. Soon after, our three nations, Southern Mongolia, Tibet and East Turkistan, were overrun by the Chinese Communist Party. Our sovereignty was replaced with autonomy which existed only on name; our national territory was reduced to “Autonomous Region”; our people were downgraded to “ethnic minorities” on our own land. Southern Mongolia was the guinea pig of China’s ethnic policy experiment; all of China’s ethnic policies including large-scale genocide, ethnic cleansing, political purge, population transfer, economic exploitation, cultural eradication and environmental destruction have been formulated, tested and validated their effectiveness in Southern Mongolia. During the past 7 decades of Chinese colonial rule, Southern Mongolia has experienced at least three waves of ethnic cleansing or genocide campaigns:

As early as 1947 even before the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the CCP orchestrated and carried out the so-called “Land Reform Movement” in Southern Mongolia to execute around 20,000 Mongolians and effectively confiscated Mongolian land; And during the 1950s, the Government of China carried out another wave of political witch-hunt to arrest, imprison and execute thousands of Southern Mongolian elites under of name of “anti-national-rightest” movement; The genocide par excellence of CCP took place during the late 1960s and early 1970s. At least 100,000 Southern Mongolians were killed and a half million were arrested, imprisoned and tortured.

Once the physical genocide of Southern Mongolian nation was concluded with triumph, the Government of China experimented another form of genocide “Cultural genocide” or “ethnocide” in Southern Mongolia starting 2001. The entire Mongolian rural population and nomadic civilization as a whole were put to trial. Practicing the traditional way of life and raising livestock on their ancestral grazing land became a crime. The grassland that was the foundation of nomadic civilization has completely been destroyed by the Chinese miners and colonial settlers.

Proven their effectiveness in Southern Mongolia, these genocides, ethnocides, and ecocides were soon carried out in Tibet, and now implemented in East Turkistan in front of the eyes of international community. Chinese regime’s oppressive and brutal nature is not confined to its occupied nations and China proper. It has been a major threat to free and democratic world. Hong Kong is already on their plate, and Taiwan is on their menu.

Even more disturbing and worrisome development is that China is trying hard, and partially successful, to export colonialism to developing world and authoritarianism to democratic world. China is not sparing any opportunity from cross-continental projects like Road and Belt Initiative to community-targeted propaganda like Queen Library Exhibition.

Chinese money is at work everywhere from neighboring countries to central Asia, from Africa to South America. Even in the free and democratic world, Chinese money is threatening the core value of democracy, human rights and human dignity. One small example is Chinese embassy’s recent attempt to promote Chinese propaganda and brainwash American society about Tibet through a rather small exhibition at the public library right here in our neighborhood. But, one thing the Chinese Government miscalculated about is the power of resistance.

Thanks to the two-week powerful protests organized by our Tibetan brothers and sisters, China had to learn the lesson that their money is not always omnipotent. Here I would like to congratulate all of our Tibetan friends for their powerful and successful campaign to bring down the exhibition in Queen Public Library. Your action not only is inspirational to all of us, but also a proof that if we stand up together and resist together, there is still hope for freedom and democracy.

Thank you,

Enghebatu Togochog

Director Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC)

UHRP: China should not be appointing UN investigators while refusing cooperation with them

For immediate Release
April 7, 2020 11:45 am
Contact: +1 202-790-1795

The Chinese government should play no role in the selection process of United Nations experts tasked with investigating human rights abuses, while at the same time refusing to accept their legitimacy. The Chinese government’s track record of obstructing UN human rights mechanisms should disqualify it from helping to choose independent investigators.

China was recently selected to join the UN Human Rights Council Consultative Group of five states tasked with screening initial applications and making recommendations for independent United Nations experts, who are normally appointed for six-year terms.

In response to the decision, UHRP Executive Director Omer Kanat said: “It is laughable that a state like China will play any role at all in selecting experts investigating human rights for the UN. The Chinese government is committing crimes against humanity as we speak. What are the chances that the Chinese representative will agree to have truly independent monitors in these roles?”

The Chinese UN delegation persistently blocks attempts by the Human Rights Council to investigate human rights issues in its own country. China has failed to answer outstanding requests and reminders from at least 17 UN Working Group Experts. This includes investigations of cultural rights, assembly, enforced disappearances, expression, privacy, and counter terrorism, among others—some of which date back nearly 20 years.

It intimidates victims who try to bring cases to the UN and has repeatedly blocked any independent investigation of its arbitrary detention of 1.8 million to 2 million Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims. In one case, human rights activist Cao Shunli, after being detained in Beijing attempting to travel Geneva for a UN training session, died after two months in detention. No investigation was ever conducted.

When UN Experts are permitted to enter the country to investigate, many have documented harassment, intimidation, a refusal to be granted access to certain locations or individuals, and unacceptable government controls throughout the visit. Following the 2017 visit of the UN Special Rapporteur for Extreme Poverty, Philip Alston, the Chinese government accused him of “overstep[ing] his mandate and meddl[ing] with China’s judicial sovereignty.”

If China would like to play a more proactive role at the Human Rights Council, it has an obligation to accept the standards set by the Council itself, and that means accepting the mandates of the Special Procedures.

The five-nation panel, now consisting of China, Chad, Spain and Slovenia (with one state awaiting nomination), makes crucial decisions in terms of which candidates pass through the initial stages in the appointment process. The group makes a recommendation to the Human Rights Council President, who then puts the candidate up for a vote by the Council proper.

In this case, the Chinese mission in Geneva will effectively hold veto power over any candidates it does not favor. This is particularly troubling, given China’s recent efforts to rewrite the rules of the UN human rights system—even the definition of human rights itself—which it increasingly views as synonymous with non-interference and state sovereignty.

There are currently 44 thematic and 12 country mandate holders, all experts in their fields, appointed by the UN Human Rights Council to report and advise on human rights issues around the globe. According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, “They undertake to uphold independence, efficiency, competence and integrity through probity, impartiality, honesty and good faith.”

In their independent capacities, the UN Special Procedures have recently delivered a number of Joint Letters to the Chinese government in response to Chinese policies including mass, arbitrary detention, prohibitive legislation with the aim of conflating expression with extremism or terrorism, and policies designed to undermine Uyghur culture and language rights.

The independence of these experts is central to the UN’s human rights system, ensuring that impartiality and good faith drive genuine efforts to improve the human rights conditions for countless peoples around the world. The UN must act to ensure that ensuring respect for human rights through the Special Procedures drives the process.

* * * * *

The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) is a human rights research, reporting and advocacy organization. Our mission is to promote human rights and democracy for the Uyghur people, raise awareness of abuses of Uyghurs’ human rights, and support the right of the Uyghur people to use peaceful, democratic means to determine their own political future. UHRP was founded in 2004 as a project of the Uyghur American Association (UAA). In 2016 UHRP began operations as an independent organization. We hope you will consider supporting our work with a tax-deductible donation. Donate here.

Uyghur Human Rights Project
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Tel: +1 (202) 478 1920

How China Colonized Half of Mongolia

Conference held on Hada and Southern Mongolian national liberation movement

On February 1, 2020, the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC) held an international conference entitled “Hada and Southern Mongolian National Liberation Movement” in the United States in honor of Mr. Hada’s political ideology, moral courage and life-long pursuit of national self-determination. Regarded as a national hero by the Southern Mongolians, Mr. Hada is still under house arrest after serving a 15-year imprisonment followed by an additional 4-year extrajudicial detention for demanding the right to self-determination for Southern Mongolia and refusing to cooperate with the Chinese authorities.

The SMHRIC 2020 Human Rights Champion Award was bestowed to Mr. Hada for his extraordinary contribution to the pursuit of Southern Mongolian human rights and self-determination. On behalf of Mr. Hada, Mr. Dolgion Hatgin, President of the Inner Mongolia People’s Party (IMPP) and a former member of the Southern Mongolian Democratic Alliance, accepted the award presented by the SMHRIC President Mr. Enghebatu Togochog.

Attended by Southern Mongolian freedom fighters, activists and supporters from Mongolia, Japan, Sweden, researchers and human rights observers from Amnesty International and Freedom’s Herald, representatives from Tibet and East Turkistan, as well as community leaders of Buryat, Kalmyk and Hazara, the conference consisted of four panel discussions following the opening remarks by Enghebatu Togochog and the keynote speech by Dr. Sanj Altan.

Opening Remarks by Enghebatu Togochog

Keynote Speech by Sanj Altan


SMHRIC: SMHRIC statement at the UN Forum on Minority Issues 12th Session in Geneva

SMHRIC statement at the UN Forum on Minority Issues 12th Session in Geneva

The following is the full statement of Enghebatu Togochog, Director of SMHRIC, at the United Nations Forum on Minority Issues 12th Session “Education, Language and Human Rights of Minorities” held in Geneva from November 28 to 29, 2019:

Madam Chair, distinguished members of the Forum,

Thank you for giving me this opportunity to bring to your attention the issues and problems faced by the six million Mongolians in China.

Designated as one of the 55 “national minorities” which later were depoliticized to “ethnic minorities”, the Mongolian people have been continually denied the most basic rights to their language, culture, education and traditional way of life, let alone political autonomy in the so-called “Autonomous Region”.

Madam chair, let me give you few concrete examples of how these rights are violated by the Government of China:

Starting 2001, the Chinese government implemented a number of policies including “ecological migration”, elimination of Mongolian schools at rural level and merger of Mongolian schools to Chinese schools. In the entire Mongolian area, the number of Mongolian student enrollment has dropped by 86% since 1980.

Today, for 210,000 Mongolian inhabitants of the regional capital, Hohhot, only 2 Mongolian elementary schools allow Mongolian as language of instruction.

In a recent case, the school authorities in Ulaanhad City banned Mongolian teachers and students from speaking in Mongolian in the campus; postal authorities are refusing to deliver letters and other items addressed in Mongolian even though Mongolian is said to be one of the two official languages in the Autonomous Region.

Mongolian students are denied the opportunity for employment and career development; In some cases, Chinese employers including some government agencies publicly stated in their employment requirement that “no candidate educated in Mongolian is considered”.

Mongolian writers and bloggers are often accused of “engaging in national separatism” and arrested, detained and imprisoned. This year alone, five writers and bloggers have been arrested under the accusation of “national separatism”. One of them, Mr. Lamjab Borjigin, author of “China’s Cultural Revolution”, was sentenced to one year in prison with a two-year reprieve on charges of “sabotaging ethnic harmony” and “engaging in national separatism”.

Madam chair, China is a signatory to a number of UN human rights conventions and treaties. Yet, the Government of China has continually denied any obligation to these conventions and treaties and continue to violate the basic human rights and fundamental freedoms of the Mongolian people.

Thank you, Madam chair!

SMHRIC: Poet detained and placed under house arrest

Southern (Inner) Mongolian poet Mr. Zhao Baahuu, who goes by the pennames Soliyoot Shulegchin (“Crazy Poet” in Mongolian) and Cao Yuan Nu Huo ( “Fury of Grassland” in Chinese), was detained and placed under house arrest after publishing poems online criticizing China’s ethnic policies toward Southern Mongolians, Tibetans and Uyghurs over the past 70 years.

According to the detention warrant dated September 11, 2019 issued by the Horchin Right Wing Middle Banner Public Security Bureau, Baahuu was placed under a 15-day administrative detention from September 11 to September 26, 2019.

Regarding the reason for the detention, the warrant states that “investigations revealed that on September 4, 2019, Horchin Right Wing Middle Banner Shin-Zam Sum Township resident Zhao Baahuu published poems entitled ‘Dark Night Journey’ and ‘Mongolian Grassland’ in classic Mongolian scripts under the penname of ‘Fury of Grassland’ in a WeChat Group named ‘Mongolian Affairs 2’, launching a vicious attack on our ethnic autonomy policy, instigating netizens to hype up the matter, arousing nationalistic sentiment, stirring up ethnic relations, and creating ethnic conflict.”

In an audio statement to the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center, Baahuu stated that he has been confined to his residence after he was released from detention.

“My detention and loss of freedom is nothing compared to the crisis our entire Southern Mongolian nation is facing. We have lost our most basic right to survive, and the situation here is unbearable,” Baahuu said in the statement.

The 48-year-old poet has been an outspoken critic of Chinese policies in Southern Mongolia, especially through Chinese social media. Baahuu was particularly critical of China’s mining, land grabbing and environmental destruction as well as the ban on livestock grazing China imposed on Southern Mongolian pastoralist communities.

In “Mongolian Grassland,” one of the two recent poems that cost him a 15-day detention and an indefinite house arrest, Baahuu writes:

“Water is depleted, land is parched, thanks to unregulated mining,

Grass is scarce, land has shrunk, thanks to unstoppable land grabbing,

Livestock is thin and weak, dying in the fence,

Herders are poor and desperate, unable to make ends meet;

Sucked up our juice, and they say this is development,

Sucked up our blood, and they say this is policy.”


SMHRIC: Southern Mongolia Watch — Writer sentenced for “national separatism” and “illegal business”

Writer sentenced for “national separatism” and “illegal business”

Sept 15, 2019
New York

Mr. Lhamjab A. Borjgin, a Southern (Inner) Mongolian historian and author of the book China’s Cultural Revolution (Ulaan Huvisgalin Mongolian), was sentenced to one year in prison with a two-year reprieve for “national separatism” and “illegal business,” according to a court decision by the Shiliin-hot People’s Court.

Dated July 3, 2019, the court’s decision states that “the defendant Lhamjab published 2,000 copies of the China’s Cultural Revolution without an approved book number and made some profit. In addition to a certain number of copies that he voluntarily turned in, 836 copies have been confiscated. The whereabouts of the remaining copies are still unclear.”

“During a carefully investigation,” the court’s decision continues, “the court found that this illegally published book, China’s Cultural Revolution, has contents of national separatism, and the author’s act already constitutes a crime of illegal business.”

“In accordance with Article 225 of the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China, the court has decided as follows: Defendant Lhamjab is sentenced to one year in prison with a two-year reprieve. The prison term shall take effect on the date the actual criminal imprisonment starts. The number of days of prior detention, if any, shall be deducted from the prison term. Additionally, the defendant is subject to a fine of 2,000 RMB (approximately USD 300),” the court paper stated.

On August 26, 2019, a court order entitled the Notice of Community Correction was served to Lhamjab, detailing the restrictions imposed during the suspension of imprisonment.

In addition to a number of restrictions to mobility, the notice states that Lhamjab has “no right to vote, no right to be elected,” and is “not allowed to organize or attend any gathering, protest, demonstration and assembly; not allowed to publish and distribute any print materials and multimedia products; not allowed to receive interviews and not allowed to speak in public; not allowed to be involved in any speech, at home and abroad, undermining the reputation of the state and harming the national interest and society.”

“I am under house arrest, and all my contacts were taken away. I am not allowed to go anywhere, and I’m required to come to the Public Security Bureau in person daily to report my status. A weekly written statement is required to detail my status,” Lhamjab said, in an audio statement he managed to send out through a friend.

“Like the Monkey King of the classic Chinese story who was given a headband for his uncontrollability, I am given a Communist ring for my head. My right to move and right to think are taken away by the Chinese authorities,” Lhamjab joked in the statement.

In 2006, after 20 years of research and interviews, Lhamjab completed his book China’s Cultural Revolution. The book compiles oral testimonies of survivors of China’s state-sponsored large-scale genocide campaign in Southern Mongolia during the Chinese Cultural Revolution. In the book, Lhamjab documents detailed accounts of torture techniques and the gruesome nature of this genocide campaign that according to official statistics from the Chinese Government, claimed the lives of at least 27,900 people and imprisoned and tortured 346,000. For credibility and verification, the book includes phone numbers and other contact information of the survivors he interviewed.

Lhamjab published the China’s Cultural Revolution through underground publishers at his own expense, as all state-run Chinese publishing houses refused to publish it. The book became popular among Mongolians not only in Southern Mongolia, but also in the independent country of Mongolia. Subsequently, it was republished in Southern Mongolia and even published in Cyrillic Mongolian Scripts in Mongolia. Since last year, an abridged audio version of the book has gone viral among Mongolians through Chinese social media, in particular, on WeChat.
As the book attracted more readers, the Chinese authorities acted promptly to confiscate the copies of the book and started to harass the author. Starting July 11, 2018, Lhamjab has been placed under “residential surveillance”, a form of house arrest, by the local Public Security Bureau. PEN America stated in a press release that “detention of Southern Mongolian author is putting historical inquiry on trial.”

Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC)

68-37 108th Street,6A
Forest Hills, NY 11375

July 2019 Open Letter to the International Olympic Organizing Committee

To add your signature to this open letter, please visit this link and add a comment at the bottom of the post.

Dear International Olympic Committee members,

The whole world is aware of the human rights abuses committed by the government of the Peoples Republic of China. Well documented abuses include the suppression of religious activities (including bull-dozing churches, mosques, and temples,) millions detained in ‘re-education’ camps and a mass surveillance system the East German Stasi only wished they had.

The policies of the government of the Peoples Republic of China are the antithesis of Olympism philosophy.

  • Continued attempts to eradicate Tibetan, Mongolian, Turkic Muslim (including Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks,) and others’ cultures and languages removes tens of millions from being able to share or educate others about their culture or history.
  • There is no joy of the effort expended in sport when minority athletes are jailed when they return from training overseas as covered in the media concerning two (2) young Uyghur soccer players (1) (2). The chilling prospect of imprisonment for training overseas does not resemble Olympism; striving for excellence in performing extra training should be applauded, not punished.
  • As far as the ‘respect for universal fundamental ethical principles,’ the government of the Peoples Republic of China violates many of the articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a matter of public policy, not some secret plan. The ‘re-training’ camps holding millions of Turkic Muslims is a clear example. One has to wonder why so many Uyghur intellectuals need to be ‘re-trained’? Why are retired medical doctors being ‘re-trained’? There should be no illusion these draconian measures are anything but cultural genocide against peoples with over a thousand years of their own history.

When Beijing was awarded the 2008 Olympiad, the world was told how it would help bring China into the ‘fold of nations’ and their behaviors would change. The government of the Peoples Republic of China wasn’t listening and was emboldened to enact even further draconian measures against law abiding citizens for a difference of opinion or their ethnicity.

We, the undersigned, believe the location of the 2022 Winter Olympiad should be changed due to the egregious behavior of the host nation towards its own citizens and the appalling human rights abuses, including the internment of millions of their own citizens based on ethnicity alone. In 1936, Hitler had not started to murder his victims, but in 2022, you could have done something to affect the host country’s behavior.