Category Archives: Southern Mongolia

SMHRIC: Activists face imprisonment and police stations in schools

Activists face imprisonment and police stations in schools
October 18, 2020
New York

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Following the massive civil disobedience movement in Chinese-occupied Southern Mongolia sparked by the Chinese Central Government’s renewed attack on the Mongolian language, the authorities’ crackdown has intensified. An estimated 8,000–10,000 Southern Mongolians have been placed under some form of police custody since late August.

Defiant Southern Mongolian students holding posters demanding language rights during a Chinese National Day celebration event (SMRHIC – 2020-10-18)

The punitive measures the Chinese authorities have taken to put down the resistance include mass arrest, arbitrary detention, forced disappearance, imprisonment, house arrest, “concentrated training”, termination of employment, removal from official positions, blacklisting and expulsion of students, suspension of social benefits, confiscation of properties and denial of access to financial resources including bank loans.

Wanted posters and detention notices from Public Security authorities, official notices, and warnings have been issued—separately and jointly—by various authorities, including local governments, communist party committees, communist youth leagues, people’s courts, people’s procuratorates, judiciary branches, educational bureaus and schools at all levels as part of the authorities’ desperate attempt to contain the protest.

“The Chinese regime has really shown its weakness, ineffectiveness and arbitrariness before this massive nonviolent civil disobedience,” Mr. Enghebatu Togochog, Director of the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center, said. “It is laughable that five different authorities including the court and procuratorates, who really have no business in this matter, piled up their rubber stamps on a single document to intimidate Mongolians.”

“The more the authorities are called on to join the effort, the weaker the regime’s inner strength is proven to be,” Mr. Togochog added.

Those who have been placed under detention and house arrest include prominent dissidents and their family members, activists, writers, lawyers and herders’ leaders.

Mr. Hada, a leading political prisoner who served 15 years in jail on charges of “splitting the country and engaging in espionage” and an additional 4 years of extrajudicial detention without any charge, is still under house arrest in the regional capital Hohhot. His rights to mobility and communication have been completely denied. The whereabouts of his wife Ms. Xinna and son Uiles are unknown.

Mr. Lhamjab Borjigin, author of “China’s Cultural Revolution,” and dissident writer Mr. Sechenbaater have been confined to their homes and denied the right to access the Internet and social media since the protest started.

Mr. Nasanulzei Hangin, a writer and poet from Shuluun-tsagaan Banner, is still under detention pending a possible long-term imprisonment after rallying Mongolians to stage a 500-person demonstration in the banner capital in protest of the Chinese authorities’ new language policy. Family members are extremely concerned about his poor health, which includes hipatitis B, hypertension and coronary heart disease.

Mr. Ashidaa, a musician and composer from the Ordos region, is under detention pending a possible 5 years of imprisonment for his active participation in the protest. Family members have been denied the right to visit him in the local detention center.

Prominent lawyer Mr. Huhbulag is still under detention for helping the activists and protestors defend their legal rights. No official charges have been brought against him yet.

The whereabouts of herders’ leaders including Ms. Yanjindulam, Ms. Bao Guuniang, Ms. Manliang, Ms. Yingeer, Ms. Urgumal, Mr. Davharbayar and Mr. Zhao Baahuu remain unknown. The SMHRIC is unable to reach them by phone are any social media.

One concerning development is the mention of “training” and “concentrated training” in some official documents. In a document issued by the “Chinese Communist Party Bairin Right Banner Committee Office,” parents were warned they would face “concentrated training” if they failed to send their children back to school by September 7.

A short questionnaire distributed to Mongolian parents who received multiple such “trainings” asked about their perceptions of the nationally compiled textbook reform before and after the trainings.

In another official document issued on September 14, “the parents and guardians who failed to send their children back to school on time will be given a legal education training.”

Police and law enforcement forces are stationed in school campuses across the region to monitor the activities of students and teachers, as well as to enforce the smooth implementation of the “nationally compiled textbook reform.”

“Special taskforces from the government, party, law enforcement and judiciary branches are already stationed in our school. Because this is not a small matter. This is a war. Employees who participated in this must be unsparingly fired from jobs and severely punished,” a public notice issued by the Chavag No.2 Middle School warned the Mongolians of the serious consequences of participating in the protest.

Military training that has been a mandatory program for college and university freshmen in China is now compulsory for all first-graders of Mongolian elementary schools in Southern Mongolia. Mongolian parents and teachers complained that the costs of the military training including the purchase of military uniform are burdened to the schools.

Despite the publicly advertised widespread intimidation and punishment, the resilient Southern Mongolians have maintained their defiance.

During an event to celebrate Chinese National Day, students of the Bayanhushuu No. 4 Middle School held a large poster with a portrait of Chinggis Khan at the center that read “Mongolian language: ancestral language, eternal language, world language.” A student in traditional Mongolian clothes held another large poster that read, “We unlocked thousands of treasure troves with our mother tongue. We inscribed the golden decrees of human history with our native language.”

During a sport event in the Ordos area, hundreds of Mongolian students stood up to sing the song “My Mongolia, an eternal flame that should never be extinguished,” an anthem of the resistance movement, to protest the new language policy.

In Huree Banner of Tongliao Municipality, Mongolian parents are still alerting each other through private messaging not to sign any written agreement the local authorities prepared to show that the parents are voluntarily sending their children back to school.

In spite of the widespread arrest and detention of those actively distributing information via the Internet and social media, tens of thousands of Southern Mongolians are finding ways to bypass Chinese Internet surveillance.

As the single most popular social media in China—WeChat—has virtually barred Mongolians from group chats and virtual gatherings, many have moved to other available social media such as Potato until being blocked again by the authorities. The latest social media platform Southern Mongolians are using is 68 Messenger, which will possibly be blocked soon.

“We Mongolians are resilient and resolute people,” Mr. Khuvisgalt Enkh-ochir, a long-term activist in exile in Japan, told the SMHRIC. “We will not give up until we achieve what we are fighting for, which is our national freedom.”

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Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC)

68-37 108th Street,6A
Forest Hills, NY 11375

Tel/fax : 001-718-786-9236
Cellular: 001-917-698-4367

SMHRIC: A statement of solidarity with the people of Southern Mongolia

September 19, 2020
New York

The following is a statement of solidarity from the Committee on the Present Danger: China to the people of Southern Mongolia. Please visit our website for the original statement signed by the Committee Chairman and Vice Chairman:

The Committee on the Present Danger: China decries the Chinese Communist Party’s latest act of aggression against the Captive Nation of Southern Mongolia. The CCP’s mandate to replace instruction in the Mongolian language with Mandarin Chinese in all Mongolian schools demonstrates the Party’s determination to impose not merely communism upon captive peoples, but to destroy the cultural ties that unite them. By doing so, Beijing has added to its already long list of deplorable infringements on the lives and dignity of the Southern Mongolian people.

These include: severe predations of Han supremacism-driven repression of the native Mongol population; the expropriation of its property; ethnic-cleansing; destruction of the environment; and persistent attempts at cultural eradication.

By seeking to eliminate the Mongol language, the Chinese Communists seem bent next on the unchecked extermination of those who speak it. To their credit, Southern Mongolians are standing up to the CCP by courageously engaging in mass protests of its so-called “Second Generation Bilingual Education” – a deliberately misleading descriptor designed to obscure the true purpose of this policy: namely, the complete Sinicization of Southern Mongolia.

The Committee on the Present Danger: China joins the Captive Nations Coalition in standing with the people of Southern Mongolia and condemning the CCP’s ongoing and ever-more-comprehensive crackdown on the Mongolian people, the culture and identity. There must be consequences for the intensifying oppression by the Chinese Communist Party of this proud and once-sovereign nation, including the restoration of its independence.

[Signature of Committee Chairman Brian T. Kennedy and Vice Chairman Frank J. Gaffney]

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SMHRIC: Southern Mongolia turns to police state as full-blown cultural genocide unfolds

September 14, 2020
New York

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Ms. Ulaan, principal of Ereen-hot Mongolian Elementary School, committed suicide in protest of China’s new round of cultural genocide (SMRHIC – 2020-09-14)

As the nationwide school boycott enters its third week in Chinese-occupied Southern Mongolia, the Chinese Government is turning the entire region into a police state. At least nine Mongolians have lost their lives, and thousands have been arrested in protest of China’s latest cultural genocide campaign carried out in the name of “second generation bilingual education.”

In a desperate move to bring Mongolian children to school, the Chinese authorities mobilized a vast army of police, SWAT teams, plainclothes officials, and interim social workers to terrorize the entire Mongolian populace.

Arbitrary arrest, extrajudicial detention, forced disappearance, and house arrest are so widespread that the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center estimates at least 4,000 to 5,000 Mongolians have been placed under some form of police custody during the past three weeks. These individuals include prominent dissidents and their family members, writers, grassroots activists, herders leaders, recent protesters, and netizens.

“Massive student hunts are sweeping the region. Even in the remotest rural communities, police presence is so heavy,” a Mongolian parent said in an audio statement. “The entire Southern Mongolia is turned into a police state now.”

Another Mongolian parent stated via a short audio, “This reminds us of the large-scale genocide that we Southern Mongolians experienced in the late 1960s and early 1970s. This is nothing but the second round of ethnic-cleansing.”

Official documents in various formats flooded the region, issued by the Public Security authorities, party committees, educational bureaus, departments of discipline and inspection, courts, procuratorates and schools. The entire Mongolian population has been notified of the arrests and detention of disobedient individuals, removal from their positions, and termination of employment for those who refused to execute orders.

Among hundreds of warnings issued by multiple authorities, a public notice was jointly issued with red stamps by the Ar-Horchin Banner People’s Court, People’s Procuratorate, Public Security Bureau, Educational Bureau, and Justice Bureau, stating that “the government will place those parents and guardians under legal education training, and those who still refuse to send their children to school after the training will be given a fine with an amount ranging from 500 to 5000 Yuan and pursued for legal responsibilities.”

In the latest case, following news of the resignation of an increasing number of Mongolian officials, teachers, and even school principals, Ms. Ulaan, principal of the Ereen-hot Mongolian Elementary School, reportedly committed suicide at her home on the morning of September 13, 2020. Various sources confirmed that the 46-year-old principal was under tremendous pressure from school authorities and the government even after she resigned her position the previous week.

This is the ninth life lost in protest of the Chinese Central Government’s recent policy intended to wipe out the Mongolian language from all educational systems across Southern Mongolia. Eight other lives lost to date include a Mongolian student from Sheebert Mongolian Middle School in Horchin Left Wing Middle Banner, a Mongolian parent from Ongniud Banner, a Mongolian teacher and poet (Mr. Soyolt) from Shuluun-huh Banner, Mongolian college student from the Inner Mongolia Normal University, a 27-year-old teacher from Huree Banner, a teacher from Bayantal Sum of Ongniuud Banner, a Mongolian official (Ms. Surnaa) from Alshaa Left Banner and a Mongolian middle schooler in Hulun-boir League.

Another Mongolian parent commented on these tragic cases in an audio message: “This is a matter of dignity. When an undignified life is not worth living, brave ones take their lives to end their earthly suffering.”

Mr. Soyolt, teacher and poet from Shuluun-huh Banner committed suicide in protest of China’s new round of cultural genocide (SMRHIC – 2020-09-14)

Despite the state terror, Mongolian schools across Southern Mongolia have been unable to officially start classes. According to an Excel spreadsheet received by the SMHRIC, by September 11, only 18% of students were collected in the Zaruud Banner No. 2 Mongolian Middle School. Another similar report from the Uzumchin Right Banner shows that as of September 13, the attendance of Mongolian students is only 12.6%.

Video clips and other communications show that an increasing number of students who are confined to their schools have managed to escape the campus to join the school boycott. “These are some thirty to forty students from our middle school, running out of the school campus,” a Mongolian teacher reported while taping the students in red uniforms disappearing into the woods. “They said they don’t want to learn anything.” In another video clip, a roomful of emotional elementary school students from Zaruud Banner are crying in their classroom, refusing to participate in class.

Communications from parents and teachers confirm that the so-called “five no changes” is nothing but a piece of the official propaganda intended to justify the ongoing cultural genocide. According to the Chinese official press Inner Mongolia News, the “five no changes” are explained: “all curricula, textbooks, language of instruction, Mongolian and Korean literatures, and the existing bilingual education system will not change, except for literature, politics and history that will gradually be taught with the national common language textbooks.”

In an audio clip, a frustrated Mongolian mother questioned local educational bureau personnel who tried to persuade her to send her children back to school. “You have changed all of these five and are still saying nothing has changed. How can we trust this kind of government?”

Mr. Enghebatu Togochog, Director of the SMHRIC, stated, “Those documents issued by the authorities are intended to fool the Mongolians and mislead the international community. Unfortunately, a number of major news media around the world are quoting from those documents without having a proper fact-checking, giving the millions of readers and audiences a misimpression that the Mongolians are overreacting while China is only changing the language of instruction of three courses.”

Enghebatu added: “People who have some exposure to the Chinese official propaganda—especially those journalists who lived in China—should have not made the mistake of taking what the Chinese authorities say at the face value.”

The response of Chinese authorities to the ongoing massive resistance movement is not just a simple crackdown. A wholesale cultural genocide is being unfolded.

Reports confirm that the Mongolian language is completely banned in schools. Students are banned from speaking Mongolian during any school activities. “Those students who were forcefully taken to school are now banned from speaking in Mongolian,” a parent from western Southern Mongolia’s Otog Banner said in an audio message. “We Mongolians must be alerted [to] the seriousness and magnitude of this move.”

Witnesses stated that Mongolian books have been taken off the shelves. Some stationary stores have been ordered to remove everything with Mongolian letters on them, according to video footage.

A young Mongolian man stated in a short video clip that printing services in his area of Tongliao Municipality are refusing to serve Mongolian customers. In a similar complaint, printing and photo-copying services for Mongolian language written materials are no longer available in the regional capital Hohhot. Anything with Mongolian characteristics seem to be targeted by the authorities. A small Mongolian yurt-style structure was removed by bulldozer on the streets somewhere in Southern Mongolia, as revealed in a short video.

“No question, this is a cultural genocide,” Enghebatu said in a written statement. “China is not hesitating to carry out the genocide, one after another, in front of the eyes of the world. But the world is hesitant to call it ‘genocide.’ Unfortunately, the number of recognized genocides is only a fraction of that of the committed genocides in our world. What kind of helpless and hopeless world we are living in!”

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Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC)

A Short History of Citizens Against Communist Chinese Propaganda – Part 1

I am the keeper of an untold story.
The story of a volunteer group who scored a victory against the Chinese Communist Party.

Whether or not you believe I am delusional for thinking Citizens Against Communist Chinese Propaganda closed the Florida Splendid China theme park is of no consequence. The contributions from people and organizations deserve to be acknowledged and as the Coordinator it falls on me. I apologize for taking so long. I should have ignored the threats and provided hope. A complete telling of this story would take hours, please do not allow the brevity of this presentation to diminish the accomplishments of the participants.

First, why was there opposition to the Florida Splendid China theme park?
Florida Splendid China was owned and operated by China Travel Services (HK) whose senior management are selected by the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. 1 The State Council is the highest organ of state power in the Chinese Communist Party controlled Peoples Republic of China.

Secret documents obtained and translated from a 1993 Propaganda conference specifically addressed the use of cultural exchanges to spread Chinese government propaganda. 2 The St. Petersburg Times newspaper in an article covering the opening of Florida Splendid China stated their management were hoping to bring in children by the busload. 3

Opposition to the theme park focused on the following exhibits 4 :

  • Tibet's Potala Palace 5
  • The so-called Mausoleum of Genghis Khan 6
  • Id Gah Mosque 7
  • Tomb of Apak Hoja - misnamed the Xiang Fei's Tomb 8

The inclusion of the Potala Palace, home to successive Dalai Lamas since 1645, implied it was Chinese and Tibetans were Chinese. The irony is the Peoples Liberation Army bombarded the structure in 1959 during the Tibetan Uprising. The Potala Palace no longer fulfills the same role as the center of Tibetan cultural, religious, and political life as the Chinese government turned it into a museum.

The inclusion of an exhibit called the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan is another example of how the Chinese government attempted to distort history. The memory of the Great Khan was kept alive for nearly 700 years with the nomadic Three Ordons of Chinghis Khan, a mobile shrine dedicated to his memory since nobody knows the location of his grave. Under Chinese Communist rule, the three Ordons were confiscated and a structure built to house (and control) the relics. This structure is called the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan and was used as a pig pen during the Cultural Revolution. Chinghis Khan was never Chinese although his descendants ruled over them.

The Id Gah Mosque, a centerpiece of the ancient silk road city of Kashgar is used as a tourist attraction and maintained under the control of a committee of avowed atheists.

Building started on the Tomb of Apak Hoja in 1640 and is the resting place for him and 72 of his relatives, including Ipar Han. The Uyghur believe she committed suicide rather than become the Chinese Emperor's concubine - the theme park's version erases her great struggle and replaces it with a false history. Calling the structure the "Tomb of Xiang Fei" or "Fragrant Concubine" is an attempt to rewrite history.

Citizens Against Communist Chinese Propaganda also opposed the inclusion of religious exhibits 9 in the theme park. Their inclusion in the theme park implies the government of China allows the free expression of religion when all religious activity in the Peoples Republic of China is under the control of avowed atheists, the Chinese Communist Party.

To help explain what Citizens Against Communist Chinese Propaganda was not against, none of the other exhibits were a target of our activities. Our webpages provided entries for each of the exhibits 10 and solicited further information from the public. This was not an anti-China effort.

Many organizations called on the theme park management to remove these exhibits. Citizens Against Communist Chinese Propaganda wrote letters to the theme park management to discuss the signage in front of the exhibits and we would stop our activities. A letter was sent prior to each demonstration organized by CACCP and never answered. 11

Second, what was done in opposition to the Florida Splendid China theme park?

Protest demonstrations started outside the main gate of the attraction on Grand Opening day in December 1993, and continued at an average of every two or so months. 12 When the price dropped for an annual ticket to just above the price of a daily admission, demonstrators entered the park. Statements were read in front of the exhibits and videotaped, however there were no video streaming services to get the word out like today. There was local media coverage and a segment on the nightly TV news was devoted to our demonstration when Takster Rinpoche, elder brother of His Holiness Dalai Lama, attended.

Letters were written to all the 69 Florida Public School Boards relating our objections to public school field trips and the indoctrination of our children in Chinese Communist Party propaganda. 13

Our short-lived snail mail newsletter converted to the internet and morphed into a number of mailing lists, a running history of the efforts against the theme park, and information on the struggle against the falsification of Tibetan, Mongolian and Uyghur histories.

Citizens Against Communist Chinese Propaganda also held conferences with international attendees and colluded with activists in the Holland to stop the Sweet Lake China theme park scheduled for an opening in 2002. 14

I am reticent to name supporting individuals. To protect their anonymity and forgo any possible negative consequences resulting from a change of situation, I believe it to be the most prudent course of action. The list includes Tibetans, Mongolians, Uyghur, Taiwanese, Japanese, Chinese, Americans, Europeans and many others. To actually list all the names would take longer than this video and invariably some will be forgotten.
Among the organizations supporting Citizens Against Communist Chinese Propaganda in the effort against the propaganda theme were the Office of Tibet New York, Inner Mongolian Peoples Party, Uyghur American Association, International Campaign for Tibet, Eastern Turkestan National Congress, Formosans for Human Rights, International Tibet Independence Movement and members of Chushi Gangduk.

As a consequence of our efforts, Florida Splendid China closed its gates at the end of 2003. Although the media proclaimed it was the economic downturn after 9-11, the real reason was the united effort convincing Florida citizens and visitors the truth about Florida Splendid China. In April 2004, I authored an OpEd in Insight Magazine 15 to defend my position and later that month the Houston Consulate of the Peoples Republic of China. called my home. 16 The thinly veiled threats against family members were communicated to US authorities and I ceased all political activities, for a while.

Future videos will discuss certain aspects in more detail.

  1. Exhibit A: Page 15 of a 1996 stock prospectus for China Travel Services (Holdings) HK describing ownership and control structure for China Travel Services (Holdings) HK; ( back
  2. International Campaign for Tibet. "China's Public Relations Strategy on Tibet: Classified Documents from the Beijing Propaganda Conference." ( back
  3. "Newest Attraction attracts protesters", St. Petersburg Times, December 20, 1993, ( back
  4. Why We Object to the Inclusion of Minority Exhibits. ( back
  5. The Potala Palace page ( back
  6. The 'Mausoleum of Ghenghis Khan" page ( back
  7. The Id Gah Mosque page ( back
  8. The Tomb of Apak Hoja page ( back
  9. Why we object to the inclusion of religious exhibits. ( back
  10. Link to CACCP's Florida Splendid China Exhibits webpage ( back
  11. Letters to Florida Splendid China ( back
  12. List of Demonstrations and Actions ( back
  13. Florida Public School Board Campaign ( back
  14. Sweet Lake China webpage; ( back
  15. "Chinese Theme park Incited Anger Instead of Amusement" ( back
  16. Documentation of activities perpetrated by the Chinese government against US citizens; ( back

SMHRIC: Students escape from locked-down school as resistance continues

September 09, 2020
New York

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Authorities are trying to bribe parents who refused to send their children to school (SMRHIC – 2020-09-09)

As the region-wide nonviolent civil disobedience continues in Chinese-occupied Southern Mongolia, in protest of the Chinese Central Government’s recent decision to replace Mongolian with Chinese as the only medium of instruction, Mongolian students whom the Chinese authorities gathered and confined in the schools are starting to escape.

On September 9, more than 30 Mongolian second and third graders escaped from Shuluun-Huh Middle School in central Southern Mongolia’s Shiliin-gol League.

According to recorded messages and other communications from parents and eyewitnesses, most of these Mongolian students are children of government officials, Chinese Communist Party members and teachers and were taken to school by force. After an hour of sweeping search by the local police, school authorities and parents, they were found in a mountain near the Banner capital.

“They managed to escape by climbing over three-meter-tall walls with barbed wire fences,” a parent said in an audio message. “These students have their own opinion too. You cannot keep these rebellious kids in fences.”

“In Uushin Banner, some elementary school first graders who were forcefully taken to school are refusing to talk with their parents, and some cry day and night, showing an extreme distress,” another audio statement from a concerned parent said. “The educational authorities and schools must stop torturing these young minds and souls. The psychological trauma they are enduring now will haunt them for the rest of their life.”

In spite of the ineffectiveness of intimidation by “removing from position, termination of employment, suspension of benefits,” authorities are issuing official notices, one after another, publicizing the names and titles of those Mongolian officials, public servants and teachers who have been fired for their refusal to send their children back to school.

According to a notice issued by the Shuluun-tsagaan Banner Organization Department to the Bureau of Education, “21 comrades, including Munkhbayar, Gansuh, Sarangowaa (from Mongolian Kindergarten), Nasangerel, Uurtsaih, Altanshaa, Haschimeg, Madlaa, Sarangowaa (from Mongolian Middle School), Jirgal, Yungliang, Naras, Sechengerel, Urnaa, Narangowaa, Tanaa, Sarnaa, Unirtsetseg, Haschimeg, Altanhuaar and Saruul have been terminated from employment and put under investigation for their refusal to execute the party and national key strategic deployment in the implementation of the use of national common textbooks, and for their refusal to send their children to school.” The notice adds, “their salaries and all benefits are revoked.”

A similar notice from the Abag Banner Committee of Discipline and Inspection states that five Mongolian officials and teachers have been fired from their jobs.

In a desperate effort to collect students, local governments are sending armies of temporarily hired social workers to persuade parents to send their children back to school. As the intimidation of various methods prove ineffective, some local authorities are reportedly bringing gifts and small amounts of money to try to bribe the parents.

“Get off of my property, and never come again,” a Mongolian parent said in a short video, rejecting anything that the social workers try to distribute.

“They are trying to collect signatures and give household items, including soap and detergent, in return,” a parent said in a video clip showing a census survey which reportedly is intended to enable local authorities to harvest signatures.

A video clip received by the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center shows images of signatures harvested from the Mongolian petitioners being cut and pasted for the purpose of local authorities fraudulently reporting to higher authorities that the new language policy is supported by the Mongolians.

“Now you see how your signatures from your petitions are being used. Your signatures are copied from your petitions and pasted onto their documents that will be sent to the Central Government, showing that the Mongolians are supportive of the new ‘bilingual education,’” a Mongolian parent said in the video clip.

Signs and instructions in Mongolian have been removed from buildings in some schools. Mongolian signs on buses started to be erased even though Mongolian is still one of the two official languages. Roadside paintings with Mongolian characteristics are removed, according to video clips circulated on social media.

Despite the authorities’ threats of arrest, detention, imprisonment, termination of employment, removal from official position, blacklisting of children, cutting social benefits and even confiscation of property, schools remain empty, as evidenced in many recent video clips.

Mongolians around the world are united to carry out a strong campaign of solidarity. Within two days, more than 50,000 people signed a “We the People” petition to the White House, urging the Trump Administration to pay closer attention to the ongoing “cultural genocide” in Southern Mongolia.

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SMHRIC: Crackdown intensifies as the resistance continues

September 7, 2020
New York

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As the region-wide massive civil disobedience resistance movement continues across Chinese-occupied Southern Mongolia, desperate Chinese authorities are carrying out a full-blown crackdown through any means possible.

The Chinese Public Security authorities at all levels are carrying out coordinated mass arrests across the region. The targets include protestors, parents who refuse to cooperate with the authorities, WeChat group administrators, and individuals who spread the word about protests on the Internet.

Following wanted posters offering bounties for information leading to the arrest of hundreds of Mongolian protesters, a number of notices of arrest and detention have been issued by local public security bureaus in different parts of Southern Mongolia.

In one of these notices, the Public Security Bureau of Naiman Banner and Horchin Left Wind Middle Banner states that “17 people have been arrested in accordance with the law.” The notice says, “Some individuals spread false and harmful information on the Internet” and “viciously disrupted students’ normal schooling and created an adverse social impact.”

17 arrested for spreading “false and harmful information” on the Internet

In addition to arrest and detention, local authorities at all levels are threatening parents who continue to keep their children home with termination of employment, expulsion from their positions, confiscation of property, and cutting of social benefits.

In a written warning issued by the Office of the Bairin Right Banner Party Committee, all levels of party committees, government, and party local branches, administrative offices, civil societies, and business units are requested to have their employees send their children to school by September 7, 2020. Those who refuse to send their children will be subjected to “termination of employment and suspension of salary effective immediately starting September 8” and will be given “concentration training.”

Notices issued by the local authorities show that an increasing number of Mongolian employees with government, party, and educational affiliations who have refused to send their children to school are being removed from positions and fired from their jobs.

For instance, five Mongolian employees with government affiliations in western Southern Mongolia’s Ezen-Horoo Banner of the Ordos region have been fired for “refusing to execute the key national strategic deployment”. The local authorities said that the five’s “benefits have been revoked, and the banner’s Commission for Discipline Inspection is starting the process of thorough investigation.”

Mongolians believe that the tone of the handling of this resistance movement was already set by the Chinese Minister of Public Security Mr. Zhao Kezhi in his recent visit to Southern Mongolia. According to a Xinhua News report posted on the website of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, Zhao Kezhi emphasized that Public Security authorities must “unshakably follow the Party’s absolute leadership” and “deepen and enhance the anti-separatism struggle, seamlessly implement the anti-terrorism preventive measures, [and] firmly maintain the stability in minority and religious areas, to carry out the work of enhancing ethnic harmony.”

Despite the mass arrests and harsh punishment, the vast majority of parents are still refusing to send their children to school. Messages from eyewitnesses confirm that schools and classrooms are mostly empty, and no Mongolian school has officially started.

As the WeChat group chat feature was completely shut down in Southern Mongolia, parents are communicating with each other through individual messaging to spread the word in coded language.

“Dear fellow herders, the slaughterhouses are desperate to purchase our lambs to try to use them to make inferior products with a pork flavor. Thanks to our herders’ determination, these slaughterhouses are almost empty. Victory is on the horizon. Even people outside the country are supporting our natural and healthy way of raising lambs and criticizing the slaughterhouses’ attempts to come up with counterfeit products with pork flavor. The headquarters of the slaughterhouse is under tremendous pressure. So, please never give up.” This short written message, among others, has been circulated via private messaging.

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SMHRIC: Local CCP Committee Mongolian employee jumps from building to death in protest as tension rises

September 4, 2020
New York

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Ms. Surnaa, an employee of Alshaa Left Banner CCP Committee, jumps from her apartment building to her death in protest of China’s new language policy (SMHRIC – 20200904)

On the morning of September 4, 2020, Ms. Surnaa, a Mongolian employee of the Alshaa Left Banner Chinese Communist Party Committee in western Southern Mongolia, jumped from her residential building to her death in protest of the Chinese authorities’ new language policy called the “second generation bilingual education”.

“My name is Altanbagan. Today, my wife jumped from her building to kill herself. With the deepest pain and sorrow, I say this is who we Mongolians are. My fellow Mongolians, this is a new round of ‘Cultural Revolution’. My dear Mongolian brothers and sisters, I just would like to say to you that we Alshaa Mongolians are as determined as Mongolians anywhere else,” Mr. Altanbagan, who is himself an employee of the Banner Party Committee, said in an audio statement via WeChat.

“I am Surnaa’s sister-in-law. Now, I am here in the hospital standing by her body. She jumped from her apartment building around 5 AM today. When she jumped she left her last words to her mother and husband, ‘I am saying goodbye to you because of the ‘bilingual education’”, Ms. Solonga, who was in tears, said in WeChat.

The Alshaa League Public Security Bureau confirmed in a “Police Report” that “Su[rnaa], female, 33 years old” had jumped from a building and died in the hospital at 7:40 AM, September 4, 2020.

This is the fourth life lost in protest of the new language policy that is aimed at the total eradication of the Mongolian language from all educational systems across Southern Mongolia in the next few years. The other three individuals who lost their life include a Mongolian middle-schooler from the Horchin Left Wing Middle Banner, a parent from Ongniuud Banner, and a teacher from Shuluun-huh Banner.

An estimated 300,000 Mongolian students continue a total school strike across the region, and in a desperate move, the Chinese authorities ordered all Mongolian employees of party committees, government units, and educational sectors not only to bring their own children to school but also to fill imposed quotas to bring an additional four to eight children to school.

The authorities’ laundry list of threats, which include termination of employment, expulsion from the party, cutting benefits and blacklisting children, have proven futile in the face of the Southern Mongolians’ collective determination of noncooperation.

“Mr. Huslen, who is a government employee in Ereen-hot, refused to cooperate with his superior. When he was threated to choose between his children and job, he courageously said he chose his children and walked out,” a friend of Huslen said in WeChat.

Similar posts and audio clips from all parts of Southern Mongolia are going viral, encouraging each other not to give up their fight to defend their mother tongue.

“You are coming to my grazing land and harassing me. You say you are going to record what I say. Go ahead and record. You want my signature, right? I will give you damn shit! For our children’s future and our nation’s future, I will be happy to fight to death.” an angry herder, in a short video, yelled at a policeman who came to collect signatures for the purpose of fraudulently showcasing “public support” of the new policy.

In another official response, Ms. Bu Xiaolin, Chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, had an urgent televised meeting with government officials from all Leagues and Municipalities, and reiterated her firm stance to support the Central Government’s decision to implement the new policy.

On September 3, Ms. Hua Chunying, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson, said in her regular press conference that “the relevant reports are political speculation with ulterior motives” when asked by an NHK reporter whether she can confirm that “there were protests following the implementation of a new bilingual education policy in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region”.

Despite the authorities’ long list of wanted posters issued by the Public Security authorities to arrest hundreds of protesters, nearly a thousand Mongolian high school and college students staged a large scale circular march in the regional capital Hohhot, chanting “Defend our mother tongue” and “Defend our legal rights”.

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SMHRIC: Wanted posters issued, Mongolian staff of CCP mouthpieces prepare to resign en masse

September 3, 2020
New York

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Shamans gathered in the dark with a banner reading “China! Stop the ban of Mongolian language in Inner Mongolian schools.”(SMRHIC – 2020-09-02)

On September 1, the first day of the new school year, an estimated 300,000 Mongolian students across the Chinese-occupied Southern Mongolia refused to go to schools where Chinese will be the only language of instruction.

On the second day of the school strike, Chinese authorities issued multiple wanted posters seemingly for the Mongolian protesters who took part in protests in Tongliao Municipality and Hingaan League.

At least more than a hundred individuals have been listed as wanted on the Weixin site of the Public Security Bureau Horchin District Branch in Tongliao Municipality alone. Similar wanted posters with each individual’s photo and a description of their physical appearance have also been issued by the Public Security authorities of Horchin District, Zaruud Banner, Naiman Banner, Tongliao Development Zone, Horchin Left Wing Middle Banner and Horchin Left Wing Rear Banner.

The posters renounce the “suspects” as “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” and offer a 1000 Yuan bounty for information leading to the apprehension of any “suspect”.

In the latest development, at least two Mongolian parents have reportedly died by suicide in protest of the authorities’ pressure to send their children to school. One is a mother and teacher from the Shuluun-huh Banner in Shilin-gol League. The other, a father whose wife is a teacher, was forced to send his child to school under tremendous pressure from the authorities in Tongliao Municipality.

Despite government pressure and police intimidation, an increasing number of Southern Mongolians are joining this region-wide noncooperation resistance movement. On September 2, the 300-plus Mongolian employees of Inner Mongolia Radio Station and Inner Mongolia TV Station, two official mouthpieces of the Chinese Communist Party, gathered to sign a joint statement to reject the new policy of “bilingual education.” According to audio statements published by some of these employees, the entire group is prepared to resign en masse if any of the ten employees who have been ordered to send their children to elementary or middle school lose their jobs for refusing to follow the order.

In solidarity with those in Southern Mongolia, people from all walks of life in the independent country of Mongolia, are joining the protest to urge the Chinese Government to withdraw the new policy that limits children’s language access.

An increasing number of demonstrations are being jointly organized by the citizens of Mongolia and Southern Mongolians in front of Chinese embassies and consulates in Mongolia, the United States, Japan and various European countries. In Ulaanbaatar, capital of Mongolia, a group of shamans gathered in the dark with a banner reading “China! Stop the ban of Mongolian language in Inner Mongolian schools.” They also performed a ritual to seek spiritual power from the Eternal Blue Sky to aid in the struggle of their Southern Mongolian brethren.

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SMHRIC: Schools are empty, students take oath to defend the mother tongue

September 2, 2020
New York

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As a massive, nonviolent, civil disobedience resistance movement continues to gather momentum in Chinese-occupied Southern Mongolia, Mongolian schools across the region were empty on September 1, 2020, the first day of the new academic year.

Mongolian parents from different places reported via video clips that campuses and classrooms were empty thanks to the well-planned total school strike organized by Mongolians against the Chinese Central Government’s plan to replace Mongolian with Chinese as the only language of instruction in the region.

“Today, Shiliin-hot No. 1 Mongolian Middle School is empty. No students, not even a teacher’s car, can be seen on campus. I am not sure what happened,” a Mongolian parent said in mockery in a short video clip.

“This is Bairin Right Banner Mongolian Elementary School. There are some police in black uniform, some police in blue uniform, and some other police with their police vehicles, which some teachers are inside. But no parents and no students showed up,” a Mongolian resident of Daaban Town, capital of the banner, said in a short video, suggesting that the protesting teachers might have been taken into police vehicles.

“Today is September 1, 2020. This is the Hingaan Road Mongolian Experimental Elementary School. No students showed up. No parents sent their children to school today,” another Mongolian resident of Hohhot, capital city of Southern Mongolia, reported via a video message.

With the schools emptied out, the Mongolian students organized themselves to take to the streets to demand the protection of their mother tongue.

“We will not return to school, we will not return to school!” middle schoolers from eastern Southern Mongolia’s Tongliao municipality shouted on the street.

“The mother tongue that nurtured us is a part of our culture that must not be forgotten.” Another group of Mongolian middle school students from the Horchin Left Wing Rear Banner marched toward their protesting parents, who welcomed them with roaring cheers.

Mongolian students from the eastern Southern Mongolia’s Hulun-boir League gathered in the league capital Hailaar City despite the rain to take a “mother tongue oath”: “With our blood and bravery, let us defend our mother tongue.”

Nearly a thousand students gathered in the Inner Mongolia Normal School Affiliated High School campus in Hohhot and chanted, “Let us defend our legal rights” and “Let us defend our culture and heritage.”

Fearing the increasingly widespread protest and total school boycott, the Chinese authorities are increasing their police presence in Southern Mongolia. A short video taken by a Mongolian resident of Hohhot shows that hundreds of heavily armed riot police were waiting for orders in the city’s main square–Xina Hua Square.

According to some posts published on social media, government officials and Communist Party members of Mongolian ethnicity have been ordered to send their children to school by September 3, or else they will be fired or expelled from the party. Any Mongolians who are on social benefits will also automatically become ineligible for renewal if they do not send their children to school by the same deadline.

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Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC)

SMHRIC: Students take to the streets, curfews are imposed, and the former President of Mongolia shows strong support

August 31, 2020
New York

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Thousands of students have taken to the streets of cities and towns as protests spread across Chinese-occupied Southern Mongolia, widely known as “Inner Mongolia” in the West as a direct translation of the highly Sino-centric Chinese term “nei meng gu.”

Protesting the Chinese Central Government’s recent decision to replace Mongolian with Chinese as the language of instruction in all Mongolian schools, these students have gathered in front of their schools and demanded their right to receive education in their native language.

“Let us Mongolians strive to defend our Mongolian culture!” several hundred students in school uniforms shouted in unison in front of the main entrance of the Naiman Mongolian Middle School in Tongoliao Municipality.

“Save out mother tongue”

At the Horchin Mongolian Middle School of Tongliao and the Chavag Mongolian High School of Ar-Horchin Banner, hundreds of Mongolian students broke through the school entrance and police barricades to leave the schools, where they had been confined by the school authorities to receive the new “bilingual education.”

Around 3 AM local time on August 31, several hundred high school students who were locked up in the boarding school dormitories of eastern Southern Mongolia’s Ongniuud Banner broke the lockers where their confiscated cellular phones were kept, contacted their parents, and emptied the school by 5 AM.

Videos show that curfews have been imposed for Lubei City, the capital of the Zaruud Banner in Tongliao Municipality, starting the evening of August 31 local time.

“Look at this, now. The capital city of Zaruud Banner is under curfew. No cars are allowed to leave the city, no cars are allowed in either. The whole city is closed down,” an eyewitness reported in a video clip.

As the first day of the new school year, September 1, approaches, people from all walks of life in Southern Mongolia are showing an unprecedented level of solidarity and coordination to continue the general school-boycott across the region.

In a short video, taxi drivers from the Shiliin-gol League stood outside their taxis and sang the song “My Mongolia – Steppe Mongolia”, after a widely circulated prerecorded poem reading “Borders cannot separate us as long as we have our language, hearth and livestock” was played.

Food delivery workers in Tongliao and Ulaanhad printed “Save Our Mother Tongue” on the delivery boxes on their bicycles and scooters, showing their support of the region-wide language movement.

From many banners (equivalent to counties), People’s Representatives of Mongolian ethnicity, mostly hand-picked by local governments, have sent joint petitions urging the government to reverse the plan, criticizing the new policy as “an act violating the Chinese constitutions, sabotaging ethnic harmony, and creating national division.”

As the tension escalates in Southern Mongolia, citizens and non-governmental organizations of the independent country of Mongolia are taking to the streets in solidarity with their Mongolian brothers and sisters in Southern Mongolia and demanding the government of Mongolia to urge the Chinese Government to stop this new policy through diplomatic means.

Mr. Elbegdorj Tsakhia, former President of Mongolia, sent out a video statement urging the Chinese Government to respect the rights of Southern Mongolians to use their native language. The former President also rallied Mongolians around the world to support the Southern Mongolian struggle to defend their right to mother tongue and culture.

“I strongly support the Southern Mongolians’ movement to save the Mongolian language. No matter where you live, as long as you are a Mongolian, you should join this movement. Without Mongolian language, there is no Mongolian nation we can speak of. Losing your language means losing your head,” the former President said. “Without your language, what is the use of your head? Without your writing, what is the use of your hands?”

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Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC)

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