Category Archives: Tibet

SMHRIC statement at “China’s Threat to Global Democracy and Human Rights” conference

The following is a speech of Enghebatu Togochog, Director of SMHRIC, made at the “China’s Threat to Global Democracy and Human Rights” conference held at Hunter College in New York:

Sain baitsagaanuu? Dashi Delek!

Happy Losar to my Tibetan brothers and sisters!

First of all, I would like to thank my dear brother Ngawang Tharchin and his team for giving us this opportunity to become a co-organizer of this event. My name is Enghebatu Togochog.

I am a Mongolian from Southern Mongolia which is another nation occupied and colonized by China, like Tibet and East Turkistan.

As you all know, in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party took control over China proper. Soon after, our three nations, Southern Mongolia, Tibet and East Turkistan, were overrun by the Chinese Communist Party. Our sovereignty was replaced with autonomy which existed only on name; our national territory was reduced to “Autonomous Region”; our people were downgraded to “ethnic minorities” on our own land. Southern Mongolia was the guinea pig of China’s ethnic policy experiment; all of China’s ethnic policies including large-scale genocide, ethnic cleansing, political purge, population transfer, economic exploitation, cultural eradication and environmental destruction have been formulated, tested and validated their effectiveness in Southern Mongolia. During the past 7 decades of Chinese colonial rule, Southern Mongolia has experienced at least three waves of ethnic cleansing or genocide campaigns:

As early as 1947 even before the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the CCP orchestrated and carried out the so-called “Land Reform Movement” in Southern Mongolia to execute around 20,000 Mongolians and effectively confiscated Mongolian land; And during the 1950s, the Government of China carried out another wave of political witch-hunt to arrest, imprison and execute thousands of Southern Mongolian elites under of name of “anti-national-rightest” movement; The genocide par excellence of CCP took place during the late 1960s and early 1970s. At least 100,000 Southern Mongolians were killed and a half million were arrested, imprisoned and tortured.

Once the physical genocide of Southern Mongolian nation was concluded with triumph, the Government of China experimented another form of genocide “Cultural genocide” or “ethnocide” in Southern Mongolia starting 2001. The entire Mongolian rural population and nomadic civilization as a whole were put to trial. Practicing the traditional way of life and raising livestock on their ancestral grazing land became a crime. The grassland that was the foundation of nomadic civilization has completely been destroyed by the Chinese miners and colonial settlers.

Proven their effectiveness in Southern Mongolia, these genocides, ethnocides, and ecocides were soon carried out in Tibet, and now implemented in East Turkistan in front of the eyes of international community. Chinese regime’s oppressive and brutal nature is not confined to its occupied nations and China proper. It has been a major threat to free and democratic world. Hong Kong is already on their plate, and Taiwan is on their menu.

Even more disturbing and worrisome development is that China is trying hard, and partially successful, to export colonialism to developing world and authoritarianism to democratic world. China is not sparing any opportunity from cross-continental projects like Road and Belt Initiative to community-targeted propaganda like Queen Library Exhibition.

Chinese money is at work everywhere from neighboring countries to central Asia, from Africa to South America. Even in the free and democratic world, Chinese money is threatening the core value of democracy, human rights and human dignity. One small example is Chinese embassy’s recent attempt to promote Chinese propaganda and brainwash American society about Tibet through a rather small exhibition at the public library right here in our neighborhood. But, one thing the Chinese Government miscalculated about is the power of resistance.

Thanks to the two-week powerful protests organized by our Tibetan brothers and sisters, China had to learn the lesson that their money is not always omnipotent. Here I would like to congratulate all of our Tibetan friends for their powerful and successful campaign to bring down the exhibition in Queen Public Library. Your action not only is inspirational to all of us, but also a proof that if we stand up together and resist together, there is still hope for freedom and democracy.

Thank you,

Enghebatu Togochog

Director Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center (SMHRIC)

UHRP: China should not be appointing UN investigators while refusing cooperation with them

For immediate Release
April 7, 2020 11:45 am
Contact: +1 202-790-1795

The Chinese government should play no role in the selection process of United Nations experts tasked with investigating human rights abuses, while at the same time refusing to accept their legitimacy. The Chinese government’s track record of obstructing UN human rights mechanisms should disqualify it from helping to choose independent investigators.

China was recently selected to join the UN Human Rights Council Consultative Group of five states tasked with screening initial applications and making recommendations for independent United Nations experts, who are normally appointed for six-year terms.

In response to the decision, UHRP Executive Director Omer Kanat said: “It is laughable that a state like China will play any role at all in selecting experts investigating human rights for the UN. The Chinese government is committing crimes against humanity as we speak. What are the chances that the Chinese representative will agree to have truly independent monitors in these roles?”

The Chinese UN delegation persistently blocks attempts by the Human Rights Council to investigate human rights issues in its own country. China has failed to answer outstanding requests and reminders from at least 17 UN Working Group Experts. This includes investigations of cultural rights, assembly, enforced disappearances, expression, privacy, and counter terrorism, among others—some of which date back nearly 20 years.

It intimidates victims who try to bring cases to the UN and has repeatedly blocked any independent investigation of its arbitrary detention of 1.8 million to 2 million Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims. In one case, human rights activist Cao Shunli, after being detained in Beijing attempting to travel Geneva for a UN training session, died after two months in detention. No investigation was ever conducted.

When UN Experts are permitted to enter the country to investigate, many have documented harassment, intimidation, a refusal to be granted access to certain locations or individuals, and unacceptable government controls throughout the visit. Following the 2017 visit of the UN Special Rapporteur for Extreme Poverty, Philip Alston, the Chinese government accused him of “overstep[ing] his mandate and meddl[ing] with China’s judicial sovereignty.”

If China would like to play a more proactive role at the Human Rights Council, it has an obligation to accept the standards set by the Council itself, and that means accepting the mandates of the Special Procedures.

The five-nation panel, now consisting of China, Chad, Spain and Slovenia (with one state awaiting nomination), makes crucial decisions in terms of which candidates pass through the initial stages in the appointment process. The group makes a recommendation to the Human Rights Council President, who then puts the candidate up for a vote by the Council proper.

In this case, the Chinese mission in Geneva will effectively hold veto power over any candidates it does not favor. This is particularly troubling, given China’s recent efforts to rewrite the rules of the UN human rights system—even the definition of human rights itself—which it increasingly views as synonymous with non-interference and state sovereignty.

There are currently 44 thematic and 12 country mandate holders, all experts in their fields, appointed by the UN Human Rights Council to report and advise on human rights issues around the globe. According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, “They undertake to uphold independence, efficiency, competence and integrity through probity, impartiality, honesty and good faith.”

In their independent capacities, the UN Special Procedures have recently delivered a number of Joint Letters to the Chinese government in response to Chinese policies including mass, arbitrary detention, prohibitive legislation with the aim of conflating expression with extremism or terrorism, and policies designed to undermine Uyghur culture and language rights.

The independence of these experts is central to the UN’s human rights system, ensuring that impartiality and good faith drive genuine efforts to improve the human rights conditions for countless peoples around the world. The UN must act to ensure that ensuring respect for human rights through the Special Procedures drives the process.

* * * * *

The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) is a human rights research, reporting and advocacy organization. Our mission is to promote human rights and democracy for the Uyghur people, raise awareness of abuses of Uyghurs’ human rights, and support the right of the Uyghur people to use peaceful, democratic means to determine their own political future. UHRP was founded in 2004 as a project of the Uyghur American Association (UAA). In 2016 UHRP began operations as an independent organization. We hope you will consider supporting our work with a tax-deductible donation. Donate here.

Uyghur Human Rights Project
1602 L St., NW, Suite 613
Washington, DC 20036

Tel: +1 (202) 478 1920

Uyghur News (Tuesday, Jan. 14, 2020)

Most links listed below can also be found at:

US democracy watchdog Freedom House accuses MP Todd McClay of ‘echoing’ China to ‘justify mass detentions’ in Xinjiang

‘Existential threat’: Report warns on China risk to human rights

China’s government poses a ‘global threat to human rights,’ report finds

Beijing’s Uighur ‘nightmare’ blasted by rights group

Rubio blasts ‘blatant violations of human rights’ in Tibet

U.S. Lawmakers urge Trump to press China over detainees

Uyghur News (Monday, Jan. 13, 2020)

Most links listed below can also be found at:

China’s new ethnic identity law reflects its failure in Tibet, Xinjiang-style campaign may follow: analysts

China’s latest move in its Uighur crackdown is forcing Muslims to redecorate their homes to make them look more Chinese

Ai Weiwei : Capitalism and ‘Culturecide’

In technology, where China leads, the rest of the world follows

Interview: ‘As Human Beings, Everyone Should Care About This Issue’

Chinese government threatens and intimidates World Uyghur Congress

Uyghur News (Wednesday – Thursday, Dec. 11-12, 2019)

Most links listed below can also be found at:

[*] Xinjiang’s New Slavery

[*] China reportedly sought World Bank funding for surveillance in region with Muslim detainment camps

[*] US lawmakers aren’t buying what Beijing is selling about reality of Xinjiang detention camps

[*] Scoop: China tried to get World Bank to fund surveillance in Xinjiang

[*] Smuggling Out the Truth: The Story of the Xinjiang Papers and China Cables

[*] Prominent Uyghur Historian Confirmed Jailed in Xinjiang Over Published Book

[*] Canadian academic denied university work, called liar by Chinese media after exposing Uyghur camps

[*] Detention camps in China target the Uyghur community

[*] Randall Schriver, Pentagon’s Top Asia Official, Resigns Post

[*] US ambassador to Australia accuses China of harassing the Uighur Muslim community with fake Chinese police cars parked outside their homes

[*] Uighurs in US urge human rights law enactment

[*] From Tibet to Xinjiang, Beijing’s man for restive regions Chen Quanguo is the prime target of US sanctions

[*] How The World Learned Of China’s Mass Internment Camps

[*] World Bank accused of unknowingly funding China’s biometric surveillance in Xinjiang

[*] Fearing China’s Uyghur detention camps, Regina woman’s mother seeks refugee status

[*] The chilling stories from inside China’s Muslim internment camps


[*] Tibetan MPP calls for freedom of Tibetans, Uyghurs and Hong Kongers in Ontario Legislative Assembly

[*] China accuses US of double standards on anti-Muslim bigotry, counterterrorism

[*] China’s top diplomat blames US ‘paranoia’ as ties unravel

[*] Challenging Beijing’s Distortions About Human Rights in China

July 2019 Open Letter to the International Olympic Organizing Committee

To add your signature to this open letter, please visit this link and add a comment at the bottom of the post.

Dear International Olympic Committee members,

The whole world is aware of the human rights abuses committed by the government of the Peoples Republic of China. Well documented abuses include the suppression of religious activities (including bull-dozing churches, mosques, and temples,) millions detained in ‘re-education’ camps and a mass surveillance system the East German Stasi only wished they had.

The policies of the government of the Peoples Republic of China are the antithesis of Olympism philosophy.

  • Continued attempts to eradicate Tibetan, Mongolian, Turkic Muslim (including Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks,) and others’ cultures and languages removes tens of millions from being able to share or educate others about their culture or history.
  • There is no joy of the effort expended in sport when minority athletes are jailed when they return from training overseas as covered in the media concerning two (2) young Uyghur soccer players (1) (2). The chilling prospect of imprisonment for training overseas does not resemble Olympism; striving for excellence in performing extra training should be applauded, not punished.
  • As far as the ‘respect for universal fundamental ethical principles,’ the government of the Peoples Republic of China violates many of the articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a matter of public policy, not some secret plan. The ‘re-training’ camps holding millions of Turkic Muslims is a clear example. One has to wonder why so many Uyghur intellectuals need to be ‘re-trained’? Why are retired medical doctors being ‘re-trained’? There should be no illusion these draconian measures are anything but cultural genocide against peoples with over a thousand years of their own history.

When Beijing was awarded the 2008 Olympiad, the world was told how it would help bring China into the ‘fold of nations’ and their behaviors would change. The government of the Peoples Republic of China wasn’t listening and was emboldened to enact even further draconian measures against law abiding citizens for a difference of opinion or their ethnicity.

We, the undersigned, believe the location of the 2022 Winter Olympiad should be changed due to the egregious behavior of the host nation towards its own citizens and the appalling human rights abuses, including the internment of millions of their own citizens based on ethnicity alone. In 1936, Hitler had not started to murder his victims, but in 2022, you could have done something to affect the host country’s behavior.

CFU: No To Beijing 2022

The Campaign for Uyghurs has begun a petition through We the People, and would like to ask for your support. If this petition gets 100,000 signatures within 30 days of its creation, the White House will review its contents and respond. More background information can be found below and on our website.

You can view and sign the petition here:

The U.S. must lead removing hosting rights of the Winter Olympics 2022 from Communist China

Thanks for raising your voice!


Review of the film Sweet Requiem by Jamyang Norbu

I was going to write the knockout review for Tenzing and Ritu’s new film The Sweet Requiem, but the poet Tsering Kyi from VOA beat me to it. She had seen the movie in early May at a special showing in Washington for the US Congress Human Rights Commission. Tsering-la had another advantage over me in that she herself had made a similar perilous escape from Tibet, as Dolkar in the film had. Hence the film had a harrowing immediacy for our poet/reviewer that she vividly manages to get across in her Tibetan language review Unbearable Memories.

I can make no such such claims, but the movie broke my heart anyway. It brought back memories of the interviews I conducted in the late 90s and early 2000 with escapees, writing reports and articles about their perilous journey across Nangpala and of their being shot “like dogs” just when they were crossing the high pass into Nepal.


RFA: Tibetan Advocacy Groups Slam Tibetan Association of Canada as Beijing-Backed

A new Tibetan-Canadian organization promoting Beijing’s rule in Tibet, and which Chinese state media said had received a letter of support from Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, is a front for the Chinese government, according to Tibetan activists and advocacy groups.

The Tibetan Association of Canada (TAC) held a lavish launch party in Toronto on April 20, attended by local politicians, during which the head of the organization praised how China had improved the lives of Tibetans through “democratic reform” in the 60 years since the People’s Liberation Army put down a Tibetan rebellion against Chinese rule in Tibet.

Signs hung at the launch party were written in English and Chinese, not Tibetan, while attendees were led in singing the Chinese national anthem.

A representative of Canadian Liberal Party lawmaker Shaun Chen was at the TAC event, according to reports by official Chinese media, while ruling Conservative Party member of the Ontario legislature Vincent Ke and Toronto city councillor and former Liberal MP Jim Karygiannis were also present.

Chinese media reporting on the event also noted that the TAC had received letters of congratulations from Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Minister of Immigration Ahmed Hussen, referring to documents that appeared to be printed on official letterhead and were circulated on social media.

On Tuesday, however, the offices of both officials said the letters—which contain multiple spelling and grammatical errors—had been faked and pledged to investigate their source.

SMHRIC: SMHRIC statement at the Uyghur rally in Washington DC

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen, brothers and sisters,

My name is Enghebatu Togochog. I am from Southern Mongolia, China’s another occupied nation like East Turkistan and Tibet.

It is great to be here today to stand in solidarity with our Uyghur friends who are experiencing a humanitarian crisis in front of the eyes of international communities and democratic world.

The entire Uyghur population is targeted by the Chinese Government just for being who they are; millions of innocent Uyghurs are locked up in concentration camps without any legal due process; their basic human rights and fundamental freedoms are denied.

50 years ago, the Government of China experimented its first-round of ethnic-cleaning in Southern Mongolia; a large-scale genocide campaign was carried out. Hundreds of thousands of Mongolians were killed indiscriminately as “national separatists”; nearly a half million, or one out of three Mongolians, were persecuted. Unfortunately, this Mongolian genocide was largely hidden from the public view due to China’s complete isolation from the world at that time.

50 years later today, the entire Uyghur population is subjected to another form of genocide under the name of “counter-extremism” and “counter-terrorism”.

While 50 years ago Mongolian genocide was carried out in a secretive manner in the completely isolated China, 50 years later today, Uyghur genocide is carried out openly in front eyes of the well-connected world.

Overseas Uyghurs communities in exile have done an extraordinary work to publicize and bring to the attention of the international community the ongoing genocide; many courageous Uyghur survivors and witnesses risked the lives of their loved ones to break the stories to the world.