Category Archives: Chinese dissidents

SMHRIC: Secretary of State Pompeo Meets with Human Rights Campaigners (update)

December 3, 2020
New York
On December 3, 2020, Southern Mongolian representatives Mr. Enghebatu Togochog, Director of the Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center and Mr. Dugarjab L. Hotala, founder and Director of InterMongol Network, met with the United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo at the United States Department of State.

The meeting was organized by the Committee on Present Danger: China and the Captive Nations Coalition. Headed by Mr. Frank Gaffney, Vice Chairman of CPDC, Ms. Dede Laugesen, Executive Director of Save the Persecuted Christians, and Mr. Kim Se Hoon, Director of the Captive Nations Coalition, the delegation included representatives from Southern Mongolia, Tibet, East Turkistan, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan and Falun Gong practitioners.

Following the meeting with the Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, the delegates also had meetings with the Assistant Secretary of State Robert A. Destro, Department of Homeland Security Acting Secretary Ken Cuccinelli and Congressman Scott Perry.

Southern Mongolian representatives highlighted the Chinese Government’s ongoing cultural genocide as well as other atrocities the Chinese Communist Party committed in Southern Mongolia after the sovereign nation was occupied by the communist regime in 1949.

Southern Mongolian representatives Mr. Enghebatu Togochog (left 6) and Mr. Dugarjab L. Hotala (left 4) along with the Committee on Present Danger China members and other captive nations representatives, meet with the United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (center), Assistant Secretary Robert A. Destro (left 1) and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s top advisor Miles Yu (Yu Maochun, right 1)

Secretary of State Pompeo Meets with Human Rights Campaigners

Southern Mongolian representatives Mr. Enghebatu Togochog (left 6) and Mr. Dugarjab L. Hotala (left 4) along with the Committee on Present Danger China members and other captive nations representatives, meet with the United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (center), Assistant Secretary Robert A. Destro (left 1) and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s top advisor Miles Yu (Yu Maochun, right 1)

UHRP: China should not be appointing UN investigators while refusing cooperation with them

For immediate Release
April 7, 2020 11:45 am
Contact: +1 202-790-1795

The Chinese government should play no role in the selection process of United Nations experts tasked with investigating human rights abuses, while at the same time refusing to accept their legitimacy. The Chinese government’s track record of obstructing UN human rights mechanisms should disqualify it from helping to choose independent investigators.

China was recently selected to join the UN Human Rights Council Consultative Group of five states tasked with screening initial applications and making recommendations for independent United Nations experts, who are normally appointed for six-year terms.

In response to the decision, UHRP Executive Director Omer Kanat said: “It is laughable that a state like China will play any role at all in selecting experts investigating human rights for the UN. The Chinese government is committing crimes against humanity as we speak. What are the chances that the Chinese representative will agree to have truly independent monitors in these roles?”

The Chinese UN delegation persistently blocks attempts by the Human Rights Council to investigate human rights issues in its own country. China has failed to answer outstanding requests and reminders from at least 17 UN Working Group Experts. This includes investigations of cultural rights, assembly, enforced disappearances, expression, privacy, and counter terrorism, among others—some of which date back nearly 20 years.

It intimidates victims who try to bring cases to the UN and has repeatedly blocked any independent investigation of its arbitrary detention of 1.8 million to 2 million Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims. In one case, human rights activist Cao Shunli, after being detained in Beijing attempting to travel Geneva for a UN training session, died after two months in detention. No investigation was ever conducted.

When UN Experts are permitted to enter the country to investigate, many have documented harassment, intimidation, a refusal to be granted access to certain locations or individuals, and unacceptable government controls throughout the visit. Following the 2017 visit of the UN Special Rapporteur for Extreme Poverty, Philip Alston, the Chinese government accused him of “overstep[ing] his mandate and meddl[ing] with China’s judicial sovereignty.”

If China would like to play a more proactive role at the Human Rights Council, it has an obligation to accept the standards set by the Council itself, and that means accepting the mandates of the Special Procedures.

The five-nation panel, now consisting of China, Chad, Spain and Slovenia (with one state awaiting nomination), makes crucial decisions in terms of which candidates pass through the initial stages in the appointment process. The group makes a recommendation to the Human Rights Council President, who then puts the candidate up for a vote by the Council proper.

In this case, the Chinese mission in Geneva will effectively hold veto power over any candidates it does not favor. This is particularly troubling, given China’s recent efforts to rewrite the rules of the UN human rights system—even the definition of human rights itself—which it increasingly views as synonymous with non-interference and state sovereignty.

There are currently 44 thematic and 12 country mandate holders, all experts in their fields, appointed by the UN Human Rights Council to report and advise on human rights issues around the globe. According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, “They undertake to uphold independence, efficiency, competence and integrity through probity, impartiality, honesty and good faith.”

In their independent capacities, the UN Special Procedures have recently delivered a number of Joint Letters to the Chinese government in response to Chinese policies including mass, arbitrary detention, prohibitive legislation with the aim of conflating expression with extremism or terrorism, and policies designed to undermine Uyghur culture and language rights.

The independence of these experts is central to the UN’s human rights system, ensuring that impartiality and good faith drive genuine efforts to improve the human rights conditions for countless peoples around the world. The UN must act to ensure that ensuring respect for human rights through the Special Procedures drives the process.

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The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) is a human rights research, reporting and advocacy organization. Our mission is to promote human rights and democracy for the Uyghur people, raise awareness of abuses of Uyghurs’ human rights, and support the right of the Uyghur people to use peaceful, democratic means to determine their own political future. UHRP was founded in 2004 as a project of the Uyghur American Association (UAA). In 2016 UHRP began operations as an independent organization. We hope you will consider supporting our work with a tax-deductible donation. Donate here.

Uyghur Human Rights Project
1602 L St., NW, Suite 613
Washington, DC 20036

Tel: +1 (202) 478 1920

Xi-Chen Plan on the Eradication of 75% Uyghur Population In East Turkestan—Exact Translation of Some Important Information Obtained by a Mongol Student in Uyghur Homeland

Translated by Torchlight Uyghur Group
November 26, 2019


I am a young Mongol man studying for my post-graduate degree in Europe. I attended my Uyghur friend’s wedding when I went to Xinjiang this summer. His older brother works for the Urumchi city government. At the time, I obtained information from him about the suppression Uyghur people and I want to share these crimes against humanity with the international community.

1- In 2016, when Chen Quango took office as the Xinjiang Party Secretary, the first thing he did was to conduct statistics on the Muslim minority population in Xinjiang. After the statistics, he learned that just the Uyghur population has already exceeded 20 million. He gathered the main Han Chinese government leaders in the Autonomous Region and asked them to make a plan to eliminate the three quarters of the Uyghur people within the next five years. At the time, some of the government leaders commented if it will be too extreme to do so, and Chen Quango responded the officials with harsh tone, saying “Will you do this work or not? If you don’t, you’re very clear about the consequences”. Chen Quango threatened the attendees viciously and started the plan to oppress and destroy the Uyghur people. Those government leaders also have numerous Uyghur friends and they were heartbroken as they revealed Chen Quango’s plan, especially when they were drunk.

2- As a first step, the government built an Integrated Joint Operations Platform (IJOP) in the Urumchi Economic Development Zone under the direct supervision of the Autonomous Regional Department of Politics and Law. The IJOP center was bigger than a soccer field. My friend’s brother told me that the IJOP system keeps scores on every single minority people. For instance, if the monitoring system showed you went to a mosque once, you will get 10 point; if you applied for a passport, you will get 5; if you visited Turkey or Saudi Arabia, or one of the five Central Asian Countries, you will get 10; if you visited any countries in the West, you will get 5; if you were not a civil servant, you will get 10; and, if you moved from one city to another in Xinjiang and changed your Hukou (Household Registration) record from one city to another, you will get 10 point, etc. If the IJOP system showed that your total score was over 15 they would arrest you and send you to a concentration camp. As a result, more than three million people were randomly arrested. They first arrested tens of thousands of intellectuals and businessmen and confiscated all of their properties and directly transferred into the government reserve for so called “ensuring stability” projects. My friend’s brother said that suddenly all the Uyghur language books, including textbooks, Uyghurs historical novels, and religious books like Quran were labeled as poisonous books and evil teaching materials, and tens of thousands of intellectuals were arrested just in a few days. Most of the intellectuals were already dead because they could not bear the brutal torture; those departed include Yalqun Rozi (Since the publication of this letter, it has been confirmed by multiple sources that Yalqun Rozi is still alive in a Chinese prison–translator).. A 35-year-old young Uyghur leader in the Autonomous Regional Propaganda Department published an article in early 2017 and expressed his view on the mass detention. He said in the article that any criminal should be arrested regardless of his or her ethnicity. Within 30 minutes of the publication of the article, his whole family disappeared. For the people in Urumchi even making a phone call to Southern Xinjiang will make them suspicious for the IJOP system. All Uyghur people are under the state of terror right now.

3 – Arresting so many people and lining them up to torture them, will surely lead them to say that others have also participated in religious activities, so that they can continue to round up more people. Questions asked during the interrogations include, “Whom did you meet abroad? Have you seen any media reports that are against the Communist Party?”, etc. Ordinary people don’t have the physical and mental strength to hold back against the cruel torture and will sign on a so-called “evidence of crime” document admitting that they watched anti-communist videos abroad, or participated in demonstrations, or attended religious activities in mosques or at homes, etc., and then they will be directly given sentences in court sessions at the detention centers or in the concentration camps. Since 2016, a new Network Information Office has been established (the leader is a Han Chinese, and the members are ethnic minority people who are fluent in multiple languages, such as Uyghur, Kazakh, Chinese and English). They are always under pressure. Each network policeman/policewoman has a daily task and must find out the so-called crime problems. For example, all the members of more than 10 websites created by Uyghurs, such as izdinix, misranim, have been sentenced, even though they are not guilty of any crime. Just listening to the Uyghur songs and watching the Uyghur language films are considered as having a serious nationalist sentiment (????) and deemed as not supportive of the Chinese culture. Uyghurs were sentenced just for browsing the Uyghur language websites, which was deemed as criminal activity. For example, hundreds of people from the izdinix website were arrested in China, and 96 of them were sentenced because they were claimed to be linked to terrorists, just because they have communicated with Dr. Erkin Sidick in the United States. More than 50 Uyghur teachers from the Bingtuan (Production and Construction Corps) Integrated Han-Uyghur School in Hami (Qomul in Uyghur) City were also sentenced at the same time because they were dissatisfied with the policy of the Education Bureau and walked out for one day in 2006. They were sentenced for having serious nationalist sentiment and for disobeying Party’s policy in 2017. More than 20 employees of Hotan City Publishing House were also sentenced for having serious nationalist sentiment. More than 40 teachers and leaders from the No. 1 Secondary School in the Kizilsu Kyrgyz Autonomous Prefecture and more than 200 graduates from the previous years were sentenced for their involvement in the “Headscarf Incident” in 2013. (The so-called “Headscarf Incident” was that, at the time, the school did not allow some students who were wearing headscarves to enter the school, prompting a clash between some male and female students in the high school and the school leaders. Some people recorded the videos of the incident and sent to friend’s circle). In 2018, a Uyghur girl in Xinjiang Medical University had a verbal argument with her Han teacher. The teacher then informed the University leaders about this incident. The school quickly came up with a false accusation that the girl prayed in the corridor and arrested her. The day before her arrest, she mentioned the quarrel with the Han teacher to a group of 20 graduates of the medical college at a party, and all those people were also arrested. The number of people sentenced in these three years has exceeded 500,000 and they are in queue for trial. The conditions of the concentration camps, detention centers, and prisons are the same as the worst prisons in the world. All day long, those people are forced to sit down with heads down, unable to move, and when they move, they are tortured. Unable to see the sun and unable to move around, hundreds of thousands of people have already died without any reason. The white paper on the concentration camp conditions reported in the Chinese media is all fake. Those concentration camp intrenees shown in the media reports were in fact community workers and police officers who were temporarily playing the roles of internees. Family members of the people who have died in the concentration camps or in prisons in 2017 received notices that their loved ones died due to heart attack; but for those who died in 2018, their families were no longer notified.

Now, the management system of each county is different, and the county leaders manage whichever the way they want. Some of them are more humane, but most of them treat all Muslim Uyghurs as terrorists. All the intellectuals and rich people among the Uyghurs have been arrested, and hatred between the various nationalities has reached its peak!

4 – My friend’s bother said, since the year 2000, unemployment rate of Uyghurs in Northern Xinjiang has been very high. Many excellent Uyghur university graduates couldn’t find ideal jobs, if not mostly in police force. Internal policy prioritized Han graduates for job offers. For many years, most Hans from other provinces had been unwilling to take jobs in Xinjiang, especially in Southern Xinjiang. The government came up with the solution to provide fake university graduation certificates to Han menial workers or Hans with only primary/middle school education, then offered them teaching positions at kindergartens and primary/middle schools in four districts of Southern Xinjiang. No locals were allowed to ask about the special treatment given to these Hans from other provinces. There is a policy called “Three Not to Ask”: not to ask about the salary; not to ask about the graduated university and major; not to ask about the hometown. As the qualifications of those teachers were extremely low, it would have been surprising if that had not caused ethnic conflicts. There was even an abhorrent criminal incident in Yarkent where a first-grade primary school teacher raped all the Uyghur girls in his class. In the end, the government set him free without trial issuing mental handicap certificate. How can one expect no resistance from Uyghurs after so many years of oppression!

5-Before Chen Quanguo arrived, in Northern Xinjiang, some primary/middle schools still had bilingual education. In Southern Xinjiang, there even existed Uyghur language education besides the bilingual one. Since Chen’s arrival, two years of great leap forward was carried out in education. Almost all the bilingual and Uyghur language educations ceased to exist, and pure Han language education was imposed. Some cities such as Sanji, Korla and Karamay have already adopted 100 percent Han language education. There remained the last year of bilingually educated pupils at some schools in Urumchi. Pure Han language education became compulsory from the first grade in primary school until the second year of high school. In Southern Xinjiang, those unqualified cadres forcefully enforced pure Han language education two years earlier, which caused most of the pupils unable to learn either Uyghur or Han well, thus having kept them from quality education. As a Mongolian, I think such oppressive, destructive, and subjugating policy of the central government towards Xinjiang will lead to unrepairable damage sooner or later. The heads of the government such as Xi Jinping and Chen Quanguo will pay for this. My friend’s brother said after his visit to Kashghar that more than one million were detained in Kashghar prefecture only. Almost all the farmers and small businessmen were suffering in the concentration camps. It is almost impossible to find any Uyghur youth in the streets of the villages. The ones not in the camps are only police, some government workers, and not labelled students. While he was narrating what did those poor, kind, innocent farmers do wrong, he couldn’t stop his tears.

Information about the work of Torchlight Uyghur Group:

Torchlight Uyghur Group’s petitions:

Appendix: Original Chinese Content:


2. 第一步政府在乌鲁木齐市开发区自治区政法厅建立了面积比足球场还要大的管理一体化平台中心,我朋友哥哥说一体化平台给每个少数民族人打分,比如说通过监控显示你去过一次清真寺10分,你办过护照5分,你去过土耳其或者沙特或者中亚国家给10分,去过西方国家5分,你不是公职人员10分,你在新疆有从一个城市到另一个城市牵过户口的记录10分等等,平台上你的总分超过15分就要把你抓起来去集中营,就这样乱抓起来人超过三百万人。他们第一步先抓起来几万个知识分子和做生意的有钱人。那些人的所有资产直接转入到国库用在所谓的维稳工作上。我朋友哥哥说抓知识分子之前莫名其妙的把所有的维文教材、维文历史小说等各类书籍、古兰经等起名为毒教材、毒书籍,不到几天就抓了几万个知识分子,他们很多知识分子已经扛不住酷刑死了,包括亚力坤.肉孜已经不在了。自治区宣传部的35岁年轻维族领导2017年初发表文章表达我们应该抓任何民族的犯过罪的人,他发表完文章不到30分钟全家人不见了。甚至是乌鲁木齐的人接到南疆的电话也会落到一体化平台上的重点人物。在整个新疆维吾尔人基本上处于恐惧状态中。

3、抓起来这么多人排队给他们施加酷刑,一定让他们说出别人也参加过宗教活动礼拜、这样继续能抓更多人,出国见过谁、看过什么媒体报道反共的吗等等问题,一般人的身体素质熬不住他们的残忍酷刑就会签字他在国外看过反共的视频或者参加过游行或者在清真寺或家里的宗教活动等等所谓的犯罪证明,然后就直接在看守所或者在集中营开庭被判刑。从2016年开始新建立了网信办(领导是汉族人,成员是少数民族的会多种语言维文哈文汉语英语的人),给他们施加压力每个网警每天都有任务,一定要找出所谓的犯罪问题,比如说维族人创建的几个网站叫izdinix,misranim 等10几个网站里的所有会员们被抓判刑,哪怕你没有犯罪只是在这些网站里会员只听过歌看过电影也算你的民族情绪严重,认为对中华文化不认同,为啥去维文网站浏览等等所谓的犯罪原因而判刑。比如说在izdinix 网站抓了在国内的几百个人判刑,其中有96个人是因为跟在美国的艾尔肯.斯迪克先生有联系的记录算为跟恐怖分子联系而被判刑。哈密市兵团民汉合校的50多个维族老师也是同时被判刑,原因是他们2006年这些老师因对教育局有些政策不满意集体罢工过一天,2017年也是当作民族情绪严重、违背党政策而被判刑。和田市出版社20多个员工也因为民族情绪严重而被判刑。克州一中的40多个老师和领导以及往年的200多个往届毕业生因跟2013年发生的头巾事件有关而被判刑。(所谓的头巾事件是当时学校不允许有些戴头巾的学生进校门,当时高中的部分男女学生和校领导之间发生冲突,有人拍视频发到朋友圈里)。2018年在新疆医科大学一位维族女生跟汉族老师发生言语上的争吵,那个班主任反应给校领导,校领导极速想出办法以那位女生在走廊里礼拜的假罪恶被抓,而且被抓的前一天那个女孩跟20几个医科大的研究生参加老乡会时提到过跟汉族老师争吵的事,这些人也都被抓 。这三年内被判刑的人已超过50万而且排队审判当中。集中营、看守所、监狱的条件算是全世界最差的监狱一样,整天整天让那些人低着头坐着、不能动、一动起来就严加酷刑,看不见阳光也不运动而无缘无故死去的已经超过几十万。在中国媒体上报道的集中营条件白皮书都是假的、媒体上的那些人原来是社区工作人员、警察,临时假装让他们扮演角色。2017年在集中营或者在监狱已经死的人家属会收到通知你的亲人因心脏病突发而死等类似的通知,但2018年死的人也不通知家属,现在每个城市每个县管理系统都不一样,领导想怎么管就怎么管,有些比较人性化,大部分都是把所有穆斯林所有维族人看成恐怖分子一样对待。维族人所有知识分子和有钱人都已经被抓,各民族之间仇恨已经到了极点!



Call for Official Recognition of the Chinese Communist Party as a Terrorist Organization

In the over 70 years of ruling over China, the Chinese Communist Party has done many horrible things humans can think of. These malicious and evil deeds include but are not limited to: falsifying national history, suppression of freedom of speech and press, money laundering in the scale of trillions, live organ harvesting, sexual harassment and assault to underaged females, slaughtering innocent citizens with counter-revolutionary excuses, etc.

In light of the recent violent actions to Hong Kongers by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) disguised as Hong Kong Police Force, we the people petition to officially recognize the Chinese Communist Party as a terrorist organization.

Sign here

RFA: Interview: ‘Anyone Resisting Orders Will be Sent to a Concentration Camp’

Li Xin, a former resident of China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), says ruling Chinese Communist Party policies in the region have been the main cause of violence and instability, and that Han Chinese who care about the situation daren’t speak out in case their entire family is sent to a concentration camp, her description of “re-education” facilities that Beijing claims are for “vocational training.” She spoke to RFA’s Mandarin Service in a recent interview after managing to leave China. Her name has been changed for fear of reprisals against her family back home:

RFA?Why did you decide to go overseas?

Li Xin: I am escaping because I fear for my life. I have no way to remain in my hometown. The neighborhood committee has been harassing us constantly.

RFA: Why are they harassing you?

Li Xin: It’s because of a family member who was locked up in a concentration camp for unknown reasons. They didn’t tell us why they were arrested. Then they broke into our home with no search warrants or evidence, and started rudely rummaging through our stuff. They said ‘something has happened,’ and told us to cooperate with the investigation.

RFA: Are there other Han Chinese in the “re-education” camps?

Li Xin: Some of my friends back home have been detained, as well as the friends of some family members. They saw each other in the concentration camp. One of our relatives went in because they were forcibly evicted and their home demolished, and some of the others were sent in their for taking medications or drugs, but a long time ago, but they were being locked up for something that happened years ago.

When it comes to Han Chinese, the main group being persecuted is anyone who has a record of going overseas, and also anyone whose home has been demolished, or people whose land the government wants, but doesn’t want to debate it with them. There has been a lot of public anger since the demolitions, and a lot of people wanted to argue with the government, but they got sent to concentration camp after they tried that.

RFA: So what made you decide to escape?

Li Xin: They have this program called the “five plus one working group,” which basically means a bunch of people are monitoring us and limiting our freedom. They each have their specific task: one is in charge of monitoring; some make reports on what we say, and others are tasked with brainwashing us.

After our family member was arrested, they forced the elders to do stability maintenance work, and later forced me to join in as well. They made us buy various bits of equipment for stability maintenance, including a big long wooden staff: we also had to buy a whistle, and a red armband to wear on our sleeve to prove that you are doing stability maintenance. They also forced us to buy an alarm, which was clearly also a monitoring device.

July 2019 Open Letter to the International Olympic Organizing Committee

To add your signature to this open letter, please visit this link and add a comment at the bottom of the post.

Dear International Olympic Committee members,

The whole world is aware of the human rights abuses committed by the government of the Peoples Republic of China. Well documented abuses include the suppression of religious activities (including bull-dozing churches, mosques, and temples,) millions detained in ‘re-education’ camps and a mass surveillance system the East German Stasi only wished they had.

The policies of the government of the Peoples Republic of China are the antithesis of Olympism philosophy.

  • Continued attempts to eradicate Tibetan, Mongolian, Turkic Muslim (including Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks,) and others’ cultures and languages removes tens of millions from being able to share or educate others about their culture or history.
  • There is no joy of the effort expended in sport when minority athletes are jailed when they return from training overseas as covered in the media concerning two (2) young Uyghur soccer players (1) (2). The chilling prospect of imprisonment for training overseas does not resemble Olympism; striving for excellence in performing extra training should be applauded, not punished.
  • As far as the ‘respect for universal fundamental ethical principles,’ the government of the Peoples Republic of China violates many of the articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a matter of public policy, not some secret plan. The ‘re-training’ camps holding millions of Turkic Muslims is a clear example. One has to wonder why so many Uyghur intellectuals need to be ‘re-trained’? Why are retired medical doctors being ‘re-trained’? There should be no illusion these draconian measures are anything but cultural genocide against peoples with over a thousand years of their own history.

When Beijing was awarded the 2008 Olympiad, the world was told how it would help bring China into the ‘fold of nations’ and their behaviors would change. The government of the Peoples Republic of China wasn’t listening and was emboldened to enact even further draconian measures against law abiding citizens for a difference of opinion or their ethnicity.

We, the undersigned, believe the location of the 2022 Winter Olympiad should be changed due to the egregious behavior of the host nation towards its own citizens and the appalling human rights abuses, including the internment of millions of their own citizens based on ethnicity alone. In 1936, Hitler had not started to murder his victims, but in 2022, you could have done something to affect the host country’s behavior.

CFU: No To Beijing 2022

The Campaign for Uyghurs has begun a petition through We the People, and would like to ask for your support. If this petition gets 100,000 signatures within 30 days of its creation, the White House will review its contents and respond. More background information can be found below and on our website.

You can view and sign the petition here:

The U.S. must lead removing hosting rights of the Winter Olympics 2022 from Communist China

Thanks for raising your voice!

RFA: UN Calls For Probe Into Activist’s Death As Beijing Rejects Rights Report

Experts at the United Nations have called on Beijing to launch an independent investigation into the death of a Chinese human rights activist in a police detention center five years ago, as Beijing faces growing pressure over international criticism of its rights record.

“Cao Shunli’s case is emblematic of the struggle that many human rights defenders in China face,” the experts said in a statement on Thursday.

They said Cao, who was detained as she set out for Switzerland to take part in a U.N. Human Rights Council review in September 2013, had “paid the ultimate price” for her activism.

Cao died aged 52 on March 14, 2014, after being denied medical treatment for months while in detention, according to her brother and fellow activists who blasted the government for using medical care as leverage to silence critics.

Her lawyers had made repeated requests for her release to allow her to receive medical treatment, but no action was taken until she was seriously ill. She suffered from tuberculosis in both her lungs, cirrhosis of the liver, and uterine fibroids.

“Today, on the fifth anniversary of her death, we renew our call for an independent, impartial, and comprehensive investigation into her death, with a view to bringing those responsible to justice,” the U.N. experts said.

Rights groups and the U.S. State Department have pointed to the growing use by the ruling Chinese Communist Party of enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions, and medical neglect of detainees in custody.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Wednesday that China “is in a league of its own” when it comes to human rights abuses, citing mass detentions of an estimated 1 million Muslims and the repression of Christians, Tibetans, and other religious minorities.


RFA: China’s Rights Activists Face Torture, Detention, ‘Disappearance’: Report

China’s human rights activists continue to speak out on behalf of victims of the ruling Chinese Communist Party’s abuses of power, despite the threat of arbitrary detention, torture, and forced ‘disappearance,’ an overseas rights group said on Thursday.

“2018 was another year of harsh reprisals against human rights defenders by Chinese authorities for their peaceful exercise of and advocacy for human rights,” the Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD) network, which compiles reports from groups inside China, said in its annual report.

“Types of retaliation included the use of torture, enforced disappearance, and arbitrary detention,” the report said, adding that the government had also threatened activists who tried to cooperate with United Nations human rights experts.

Anyone who tried to speak out for marginalized and persecuted communities, report violations, or complain about the perpetrators of rights violations “bore the brunt of government retaliation” last year, the report said.

The group called on China to release all ethnic Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims subjected to mass arbitrary detention in the northwestern Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR).

“End arbitrary detention of ethnic Uyghurs and Turkic Muslims in the [XUAR], and shut down internment camps and other indoctrination programs established under ‘counter-terrorism’ and ‘counter-extremism’ policies,” the report said in its recommendations section.

It also called for the release of all detained and imprisoned rights activists and human rights lawyers, and for those who mistreated or tortured them to be held criminally responsible.

“CHRD urges the Chinese government … to provide detainees and prisoners prompt access to proper medical treatment … and end the practice of enforced disappearance,” it said.

The report also said that wholesale violations of basic human rights had reached unprecedented levels under the administration of President Xi Jinping.